Showing posts with label provenance research. Show all posts
Showing posts with label provenance research. Show all posts

Sep 22, 2020

Alfred Flechtheim: Das Soldatenbad by Kirchner

The painting was unlawfully sold to Kurt Feldhäusser, a member of the Nazi party.
Upon Feldhäusser’s death in 1945, ownership of his collection passed to his mother, who brought the work to the United States. Via donation, it arrived first at The Museum of Modern Art and then The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. Following extensive studies of its provenance, the picture was restituted to the Flechtheim heirs in 2018. In the autumn of 2018 the painting came up for auction, where it was sold to the Norwegian fund Sparebankstiftelsen DNB.
29 March 2019

Sweden’s Moderna Museet returned a painting by Oskar Kokoschka to the heirs of Alfred Flechtheim. The  portrait of Marquis Joseph de Montesquiou-Fezensac was sold by Flechtheim’s former employee, Alex Vömel, a Nazi who profited from his employer’s plight as a Jew in the Third Reich.

“He lost the painting because he was Jewish,” the Moderna Museet said in a statement. “It is of utter importance to the Swedish government as well as for us in the museum that there are no works that have a problematic provenance,” says the museum’s director, Daniel Birnbaum. “We are happy and relieved the Kokoschka painting now returns to its true owner.”

- Sweden's Moderna Museet returns Kokoschka work to Jewish dealer's heirs 

The Art Newspaper

Jul 21, 2020

Analysis Art Provenances: Red Flag Name Benno Geiger

"Geiger, Benno. Venice, Botto Nuevo. Art historian-dealer of Baltic origin. Friend of Kieslinger and acted as guide for Muehlmann and Kieslinger during their trips to Italy in 1942 and 1943. Involved in irregular art purchases ordered by Muehlmann and frequently in touch with Hofer.

Asta, Ferruccio. Ascona, Switzerland-Milan, via Andegari. Milan art dealer now living in Switzerland as a refugee. Reported to have worked actively with Geiger and suspected of trafficking in loot."

urlprovenanceaccnum Jacques-Gabriel Huquier, Paris and London (possibly his mark, L.1285, lower left), Dr. Benno Geiger, Venice, sale, Sotheby’s, London, 7-11 December 1920, lot 405, Henry Scipio Reitlinger, London (without his mark, L.2274a), his estate sale, Sotheby’s, London, 14 April 1954, lot 313 (unsold), sale, Sotheby’s, London, 10 November 1954, lot 34, Colnaghi, London (by 1954), Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Anonymous Gift, inv. no. 1955.1001955.100 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 December 1920, lot 16;E. Parsons & Sons (London);purchased there by Neumayer (?) by 1935;purchased from him by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1742 Gauermann, Vienna (1807-1862), L.1003;Benno Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);E. Parsons & Sons (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.2567 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 11;anonymous sale, Sotheby's (London), 6 April 1949, lot 31;purchased there by Colnaghi (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), 28 December 1949, for £4;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.4305 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 86;Mrs H.F. Ezekiel (?);her sale, Sotheby's (London), 22 June 1949, lot 38 (with D.1952.RW.4194 and 1 other);purchased there by Colnaghi (London) on behalf of Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), for £5;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.4190 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 125 (as a sheet twice as long);F.R. Meatyard (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d. (Witt cut it in half and disposed of the other half);Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.56 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 371;F.R. Meatyard (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.108 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 169;Neumayer (?);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1747 Grahl, Dresden (1791-1868);Benno Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);F.R. Meatyard (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.190 collector (L.4975);Benno Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7-10 December 1920, lot 211;Richeton (?);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1822 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 228;Frank T. Sabin (London);purchased from him by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.84 Mayor, London (1826-1874), L.2799, by at least 1871;Benno Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);F.R. Meatyard (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.212 Adalbert von Lanna, Prague (1836-1909), L.2773;Benno Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, London, Sotheby's, 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 299 (as by Simonini);Wengraf (?);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.3791 Geiger, Italy (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 328;Richeton (?);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1836 Glenstein, Hamburg (b. 1849), L.123;Maison F.A.C. Prestel (collector's mark used until about 1908), L.2730;Benno Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);F.R. Meatyard (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London, (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.311 purchased at a sale in Paris by unidentified collector, L.3000, around 1775-90;Benno Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 525;E. Parsons & Sons (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.950 Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);E. Parsons & Sons (London);purchased there by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d. (£4);Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1002 Dezallier d'Argenville, Paris (1680-1765), L.2951;François Renaud, Paris (late 19th - early 20th century), L.1042;Eduard Schultze, Vienna (d. ca. 1900), L.906;Benno Geiger, Italy and Vienna (1882-1965);his sale, Sotheby's (London), 7 - 10 December 1920, lot 381;Neumayer (?);purchased from him by Sir Robert Witt, London (1872-1952), L.2228b, n.d.;Witt Bequest 1952D.1952.RW.1733 Geiger;sale, Sotheby's, 9 December 1920, lot 318, bought Croal Thompson;BrangwynNo.2613'Bossi-Byerlen Collection, sold Stuttgart 1882(?);W. Pitcairn Knowles (L.2643), his sale, Amsterdam, Muller, 25 June 1895, lot 639;A. Gluenstein (L.123);Benno Geiger, his sale, Sotheby's, 9 December 1920, lot 331, bought Croal Thompson;BrangwynNo.2614 Geiger, sale, Sotheby's, 9 December 1920, lot 330;BrangwynNo.2615 (L.1199);Benno Geiger (1948)-, Benno Geiger- Geiger (as Edridge);Randall Davies;Paul Oppé, February 1948T08586 Geiger (as Edridge);Randall Davies;Paul Oppé, February 1948T08594 Geiger (as Edridge);E. Horsman Coles;Bequeathed to Paul Oppé, 1954T09836 Geiger (as Nasmyth);E. Horsman Coles;Bequeathed to Paul Oppé, 1954T09837 Sambon, Paris). Benno Geiger [1882-1965], Vienna. (Count Alessandro Contini-Bonacossi, Florence) by 1929;[1] purchased 1939 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1943 to NGA.[1] In Alessandro Magnasco, Exh. cat. Galerie Sambon, Paris, 1929, the painting is cited as in the Contini collection, but not exhibited.1943.4.31 collection, Genoa.[1] Probably (Arthur Sambon, Paris), by 1929. Benno Geiger, Vienna.[2] (Count Alessandro Contini-Bonacossi, Florence); purchased 1939 by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;gift 1943 to NGA.[1] According to a note on the back of a photograph, NGA photographic archives.[2] Benno Geiger, Magnasco, Bergamo, 1949: 871943.4.27 Maria Zanetti [c. 1679-1767], Venice; Giuseppe Carlo Cernazai [1773-1849], Udine; by inheritance to Canon Francesco Maria Cernazai [1802-1881], Udine; given to Seminario Arcivescovile, Udine; probably sale Genolini auction, Milan, 1900; Antonio dal Zotto; (sale Galleria Geri, Milan or Salvadori, Venice, 1919); Benno Geiger [1882-1965], Venice; (sale, Sotheby's London, 7 December 1920, among 259-272; ? Winthrop Family, Boston; Sam Abate Gallery, Boston; purchased by NGA.1988.26.1, (Galerie Cailleux, Paris, France);purchased by Benno Geiger (Italy);Dino Barozzi (Venice, Italy);by 1931, acquired by (Luigi Grassi, Florence, Italy);1936-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)36.14 1914, Benno Geiger (1882–1965), Rodaun, Austria, and sold before 1945.1 (By 1962, Frederick Mont, New York), purchased by the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida, 1962.SN744 Dr. Benno Geiger (1882-1965);Venice, by 1948-1949;Purchased;from Geiger, through Harold Woodbury Parsons, by The Nelson-Atkins Museum of;Art, Kansas City, MO, 1949.49-31/2 Benno Geiger (1882-1965), Venice;With Schaeffer Galleries, New York, by May 9, 1946;Purchased from Schaeffer Galleries by The Nelson-Atkins;Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO, 1946.46-12 Benno Geiger;(1882-1965), Venice, by 1948-1949;Purchased from Geiger;through Harold Woodbury Parsons, by The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas;City, MO, 1949.49-31/1 Dr. Benno Geiger (1882-1965), Venice, by;1948-1949;Purchased from Geiger, through Harold Woodbury;Parsons, by The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO, 1949.49-31/3 -;Dr. Benno Geiger, 1882 - 1965 -;Captain G. Fenwick Owen, English87.GB.95 -;Dr. Benno Geiger, 1882 - 1965 (Vienna, Austria), sold to August Lederer. by August 1, 1927 - 1936;August Lederer, 1857 - 1936 (Bartensteingasse 8, Vienna I, Austria), by inheritance to his widow, Serena Lederer, 1936.;Source: Archive of the Bundesdenkmalamt (BDA) - Archive, Restitutionsmaterialien, Karton 9, Mappe 1a, Sammlung Lederer 1922-1939, p. 162. 1936 - 1938;Serena Lederer, 1867 - 1943 (Bartensteingasse 8, Vienna 1, then moved to Jacquingasse 43, Vienna III, Austria), an apartment in which, from July 1938, lived her daughter, Elisabeth Bachofen-Echt, 1894-1944. Before December 29, 1938, Serena Lederer placed the object on deposit with the Collegium Hungaricum, Vienna VII, confiscated by the Gestapo (at the direction of the Zentralstelle für Denkmalschutz), per the orders of the Wiener Magistrat, Magistratsabteilung 2, dated November 26, 1938, December 7, 1938, and January 3, 1939 as pertaining to those respective locations.;Source: (BDA) - Arcive, Box No. 9, Lederer 1922 - 1939, No. 11, where the object is described as "Sansovino: Madonna mit Engeln, Abb. 409." Abb. 409 refers to the ilustration in the 1921 publication by Leo Planiscig (see bibliography). 1938/1939 - 1945;In the possession of the Nazis, valued at 10,000 Reichsmarks and stored, by autumn 1939, at the Zentraldepot at Neue Burg, Vienna, moved to "R.B. Depot," meaning the Reichsbank (the Austrain National Bank), (Vienna 1, Austria), March 30, 1942, evacuated to the salt mines at "Aussee" (Altaussee, Austria), October 7, 1943, recovered by the US Forces (80th Infantry Division, Task Force Pearson), May 8, 1945.;Source: Index card of the Nazi administration/Zentralstelle für Denkmalschutz, SL/Sammlung Lederer/collection Lederer number 73: "Terrakotta, Madonna, Jacopo Sansovino, h = 45 cm, 16. Jh." BDA-Archive, Restitutionsmaterialien, Karton 6/1, Mappe 58, fol. 11. 1945 - 1947;In custody of the Allied Forces, (salt mines at Altaussee, Austria), released to the Republic of Austria by December 1, 1947. 1947 - probably 1948;Austrian government, restituted to the son of Serena Lederer, Erich Lederer. 1947/1948 - 1985;Erich Lederer, 1896 - 1985 (Geneva, Switzerland), by inheritance to his widow, Elisabeth Lederer, 1985. 1985;Mrs. Elisabeth Lederer, 1908 - 1995 (Geneva, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.85.SC.59

Documents for historical context

Jul 10, 2020

Art Museums in Italy: Status on Provenance?

How are Italian art museums doing on Nazi-era and Colonial-era provenance? 

Which museums do -- and which museums do not -- publish online provenance texts for their art collections? 

Have all issues regarding Nazi-era provenance been resolved? 

What work remains to be done? Who is doing it? With what resources, goals and deadlines?

Do Italian museums hold artwork from known Red Flag Names?*

List of Museums in Italy which are identified as "Art Museums" in Wikidata

Q3747209Fondazione Querini Stampalia
Q3757708Civic Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art
Q3757709Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Latina
Q3757721Galleria d'arte moderna di Milano
Q3757722Galleria d'arte moderna Ricci Oddi
Q3757723Bologna Gallery of Modern Art
Q3757738Gallery of Costume
Q3757748Galleria delle antiche ceramiche abruzzesi
Q3757763National Gallery of Cosenza
Q3803778Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica
Q3819018Turin City Museum of Ancient Art
Q3821046La Permanente
Q3867743Gallarate Art Museum
Q3867768Palazzo Pretorio Museum
Q3867772Basilio Cascella Civic Museum
Q3867777Civic Museum "Giovanni Fattori"
Q3867845Costantino Barbella Art Museum
Q3867848Museum of Ancient Art
Q3867849Museo d'arte contemporanea (Lissone)
Q3867861Ignazio Mormino Art and Archaeology Museum
Q3867868Bologna Museum of Modern Art
Q3867871Camaiore religious art museum
Q3867872Museum of Religious Art
Q3867873Museum of Oriental Art
Q3867986Murano Glass Museum
Q3868002Museo dell'Opera del Duomo
Q3868160Museo delle Porcellane
Q3868204Sacred Art Museum of the Arbia Valley
Q3868222Museum of Mural Painting
Q3868311Giaglione Diocesan Museum of Religious Art
Q3868403Michelangiolesco Museum
Q3868416National Museum of Medieval and Modern Art of Basilicata
Q3868441Pinacoteca parrocchiale (Corridonia, Italy)
Q3868463Museo sperimentale d'arte contemporanea
Q3868464State Museum of Medieval and Modern Art
Q3868487Valtellina Museum of History and Art
Q3884410Oratorio dei Crociferi
Q3888740Padiglione d'Arte Contemporanea
Q3889703Palazzo Borromeo
Q3890978Palazzo Terragni
Q3891058Palazzo Vescovile
Q3905086Pinacoteca Comunale
Q3905092Malaspina Picture Gallery
Q3905096St Andreàs Picture Gallery
Q3905097Pinacoteca Stuard
Q3905105Pinacoteca civica "Francesco Podesti"
Q3905124Sforza Castle Pinacoteca
Q3905125Como Civic Art Gallery
Q3905135Pinacoteca provinciale di Potenza
Q3928496Raccolte extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco
Q3972975Fondazione Stelline
Q4012306Villa Menafoglio Litta Panza
Q4012583Villa Tittoni Traversi
Q1080108Galleria Nazionale delle Marche
Q1081881National Museum of San Matteo
Q1103550Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna
Q1153749Udine Castle
Q1190657Museo Poldi Pezzoli
Q1203458Doria Pamphilj Gallery
Q1257947Ospedale degli Innocenti
Q1279458Santa Maria della Scala
Q1316490Kunst Meran/Merano Arte
Q1439912Pio-Clementino museum
Q1470912Museo Correr
Q1492337Modern Art Gallery Sant'Anna
Q1492387Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea
Q1627379Chianciano Museum of Art
Q1817132Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi
Q1881229MAXXI – National Museum of the 21st Century Arts
Q1954272Museo Sartorio
Q1954273Revoltella Museum
Q1954314Museum of Contemporary Art Donna Regina
Q1971299Palazzo Colonna
Q2034331Palazzo Rosso
Q2054135Gallerie di Piazza Scala
Q2095405Pinacoteca Nazionale
Q2219262Palazzo Mansi National Museum
Q2245152Sabauda Gallery
Q2266081Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica
Q2518724Castelvecchio Museum
Q2525507Villa Necchi Campiglio
Q2560897Palazzo Farnese
Q2579612Palazzo delle Esposizioni
Q2591247Museum of the Last Supper of Andrea del Sarto
Q2669644Museum of Contemporary Art of Rome
Q2705493Triennale di Milano
Q2729588Museo Barracco di Scultura Antica
Q2739127Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria
Q2790359Museo d'arte contemporanea del castello di Rivoli
Q2931413Punta della Dogana
Q2940761Casa Santi
Q2940778Casa Siviero
Q2946179Centro per l'arte contemporanea Luigi Pecci
Q2947745Museo di Orsanmichele
Q3094628Galleria d'arte moderna di Firenze
Q3328376Museo archeologico nazionale di Orvieto
Q3328378Museo Civico
Q3328388Eroli Museum
Q3328403Museo del Duomo
Q3328406Museo civico del marmo di Carrara
Q3328415Museo d'Arte e Scienza
Q3328416Museo delle Sinopie del Camposanto monumentale
Q3328417Museo per la Memoria di Ustica
Q3329076Museum Bandini
Q3329136Museo Emilio Greco
Q3329345Museo Nazionale di San Martino
Q3330090Villa Guinigi National Museum
Q12130506Museum of 18th-century Venice
Q13453137Museum of San Marco
Q15111157Galleria Regionale della Sicilia (Palermo)
Q15961396Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Venice
Q16335227Uffizi Museum
Q16336153Museum Complex of San Francesco (Montefalco)
Q16336161Civic and Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art
Q16337697Duomo di Milano Museum
Q17631153Galleria d'arte moderna Aroldo Bonzagni
Q18578917Palazzo Comunale
Q18635216Museo Civico di San Francesco
Q18715459Museum Venanzo Crocetti
Q18796164civic art gallery "Il Guercino"
Q18810134Jesi Municipal Art Gallery
Q18810139Vicenza Municipal Art Gallery
Q18810142Ravenna Art Museum
Q18811651Pinacoteca Manfrediniana
Q18811696Pinacoteca dell'Accademia dei Concordi e del Seminario Vescovile
Q18812377Pinacoteca Civica di Savona
Q20008271Galleria civica di Modena
Q20009253Alcamo Sacred Art Museum
Q20009309Pinacoteca civica e Galleria d'Arte contemporanea
Q21127197Modern Art Museum of Avezzano
Q21188687Caserta diocesan museum
Q21235745Misterbianco religious art museum
Q21551984Exhibition Gallery of the National Library of Potenza
Q21552187Museum of Ettore Pomarici Santomasi Foundation
Q23054626Saint Bernardino Oratory and Diocesan Museum of Holy Art
Q25052790Palazzo Santa Margherita, Modena
Q25247762Galleria Giorgio Franchetti alla Ca' d'Oro
Q25247795Pinacoteca Civica Padre Pietro Tacchi Venturi
Q19844Castle of Rivoli
Q27085MdAO - Art Museum
Q51105Royal Palace of Milan
Q150066Pinacoteca di Brera
Q247451Buonconsiglio Castle
Q261233Museo del Novecento
Q323726Giorgio De Chirico House
Q333906Capitoline Museums
Q338330Gallerie dell'Accademia
Q866498Galleria Palatina
Q869130Museo dell'Opera Metropolitana del Duomo
Q913040Marino Marini Museum
Q1049033Peggy Guggenheim Collection
Q1052171Ca' Rezzonico
Q742076Museum of Still Life
Q774128Galleria Estense
Q838986Bagatti Valsecchi Museum
Q841506Galleria Borghese
Q510071Collections of the Palazzo Massimo alle Terme
Q531218Museo Horne
Q533156Villa Carlotta
Q606494Museo Civico di Sansepolcro
Q616676Museo Fortuny
Q637248Naples National Archaeological Museum
Q642603Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto
Q3678771Modern and Contemporary Art Museum
Q3683045Collezione Maramotti
Q3683060Sardinian Art Collection "Luigi Piloni"
Q3683063City Art Collections
Q3747192Fondazione Magnani-Rocca
Q3747208Fondazione Prada
Q3330318Museo diocesano di Santo Stefano al Ponte
Q3330320Diocesan Museum in Cortona
Q3330498musée du trésor de la cathédrale d'Aoste
Q3388587Pinacoteca Provinciale di Bari
Q3388588Citta di Castello Communal Art Gallery
Q3388589Tosio Martinengo Gallery
Q3603953Accademia Tadini
Q3661033Casa-museo Boschi Di Stefano
Q3664905Centro studi e archivio della comunicazione
Q3678763Civic collection of art "Claudio Ridolfi"
Q3678764Civica raccolta delle stampe Achille Bertarelli
Q3678765Applied Arts Collection of Milan
Q7194793Pinacoteca Querini Stampalia
Q28671433Mirabella Eclano religious art museum
Q29413187Museo Castiglioni
Q30090778Museo di Salò
Q30159213Opera Bosco
Q30888845Museo civico Floriano Bodini
Q38901928Museo Novecento
Q53016463museo diocesano Prenestino di arte sacra
Q54854622town museum Villa Coppetti
Q55348684Galleria Rizzi
Q55352661Rudolf Stolz Museum
Q55354244Sacred Art Museum (Arnad)
Q55385684Modern art gallery of Rome
Q55685693Fondazione Merz
Q66051988Galleria Civica
Q67147071Gallerie d'Italia
Q67746042"Ex Pescheria" municipal art gallery
Q67893657Pinacoteca dell’Accademia Albertina (Turin)
Q69555519Galleria d'arte Vero Stoppioni
Q72680473Fondazione Pastificio Cerere
Q72681322Galleria Goethe
Q73016624Raffaella De Chirico Galleria d'Arte
Q73487148Fondazione Baruchello

Public Google sheet

Wikidata Query

#Art Museums in Italy

SELECT ?item ?itemLabel ?url ?coordinates
  ?item wdt:P31 wd:Q207694 ;
        wdt:P17 wd:Q38 ;
        wdt:P625 ?coordinates .
  OPTIONAL { ?item wdt:P856 ?url }
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en, de, fr" }