Showing posts with label due diligence. Show all posts
Showing posts with label due diligence. Show all posts

May 26, 2021

Nazi Art Looting Networks: Adolf Wuester







Zoom on a few of the individuals in Adolf Wuester's network (according to the Art Looting Investigation Unit in 1946)

Abels Brothers, HermannCologne, Komoedienstrasse 26DealersSpecialists in 16th to 19th century painting and graphic arts
Bammann, HansDusseldorf, Blumenstrasse 11Dealer, drafted into the army in 1942 and transferred to the ERR in Paris in December 1943 at the request of Lohse and WuesterBelieved to have acted as agent for art purchases in France for museums of Dusseldorf, Cologne, Aachen and Bonn
Breker, Prof ArnoStarnberg (Buchhof uber Pocha), BavariaCelebrated Nazi sculptor, often in Paris during the warTook part in arranging tour of French artists through Germany
Goepel, Dr ErhardLeipzig, Stieghtstrasse 76Official Linz agent and buyer in Holland under Posse and VossBought extensively in Holland and also travelled frequently in Belgium and France
Knothe, DrSecretary of the German Embassy, Paris and reported to have worked with Wuester on art matters for von Ribbentrop and possibly Goebbels
Kuetgens, Dr FelixAachen, Heinrichsallee 18Member of Kunstschutz, ParisMentioned as also in charge of Kunstschutz in Serbia and Greece
Loewenisch, AlbertCologne Paris, 8 ave Victor MasselPurchasing agent for the Gauleitung Dusseldorf-Koln-Aachen-Bonn, and one of the official representatives of German museums in FranceContact of Hermssen, Wuester, Weinmueller and Lange
May, Frau WismerZurich, Seefeldstrasse 90Colleague of Wuester in the art section of the German Embassy, ParisArdent Nazi and well connected in high Party circles
Mohnen, Wilhelm JacobGerman nationalCaptured in Rome, 5 February 1945, after taking refuge in the Vatican
Muthmann, DrDirector of Museum of KrefeldIn contact with Wuester, Paul Cailleux, Dr Kurt Martin and Dr Hopp
Pfannstiel, ArthurParisGerman painter and dealer, resident in Paris before the warMember of staff of ERR, Bordeaux and of GIS
Rademacher, Dr BernardBonnAssistant at the Landesmuseum, BonnAgent for art purchases in France
von WaldthausenIn charge of interior decoration of the German Embassy, Paris, 1940Assisted by Wuester, 1942
Wuester, AdolfBernau, Bavaria Bonn SchloeselPainter and amateur dealer, long-time pre-war resident of ParisChief agent in France for acquisition of works of art for Ribbentrop
BlotParisDealer, dealt with Wuester
Cailleux, PaulParis, 136 rue du Fbg St HonoreDealer in contact with Rochlitz, Wuester, Frau Dietrich, HaberstockKnew Lohse, who claims to have freed his wife from a concentration camp
Cloots, F GParis, 14 rue de l’AbbayeSmall dealer specialising in 17th century Dutch paintingIn contact with Wuester and Hofer
Gairac, GeorgesParis, 17 rue de SeineFrench art dealer who sold to Wuester and Bornheim
Gerard, Raphael Louis FelixParis, 4 ave de MessineDealt in confiscated pictures; main source of supply to Wuester and other German buyersIndicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier)
de Haucke, Cesar MongeParis, 14 rue du Cherche-MidiDealer active in Paris and New York before the warActive in Paris during the occupation; in contact with Wuester, Haberstock and Hofer; documentary evidence in Unit files
Kalebjian, IreneParis, 52 bis ave d’IenaSchenker documents indicate sales to German buyersOne of Wuester’s chief sources
Leegenhoek, M OParis, 1 rue de Rennes/230 blvd RaspailBelgian nationalProminent restorer and subsequent dealer who sold extensively to Hofer, Lohse, Wendland, Wuester, Dietrich, Haberstock, Miedl, Goepel and the great majority of important German purchasers
Mandl, VictorParis, 9 rue du BoetieGerman refugee dealer, formerly active in BerlinHighly important figure in German art purchases in Paris
Montag, CharlesSevres Meudon Val Fleury, 72 rue de ParisSwiss; naturalised FrenchArtist and dealer
Renand, GeorgesParis, 30 quai de BethuneSold to Ribbentrop through WuesterSchenker documents indicate sales to German buyers
Schmit, JeanParis, 22 rue de CharonneImportant antique dealer and decorating concernDealt with Bornheim, Angerer, Haberstock and other Germans brought to him by Wuester
Schoeller, AndreParis, 13 rue de TeheranWell known expert in French 19th century paintingPresident of the Art Editors Syndicate and appraiser for the Hotel Drouot
Toulinot (Toulino)Paris, 8 ave Victor MasselSmall dealerPartner of Loewenisch
de Trevise, DucParisPre-war sponsor and friend of Rochlitz and Wuester
Trotti, Count Rene AvogliParis, 1/88 rue de GrenelleWell known art dealer of Italian birth; in touch with many German art agents during the war, particularly Wuester, an old friendAlso did business with Haberstock
Wuester AdolfSee Germany
Raeber, Dr WilliBasle, St Albans Anlage 68Prominent art dealerVice president of the Swiss syndicate of art dealers and its most active member
Wendland, Dr HansVersoix/GenevaGerman nationalArt dealer, resident alternately in France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany since World War I

For transcription of the Art Looting Investigation Unit Final Report and the Red Flag list of Names see lootedart.com here.


Nov 29, 2019

Provenance gaps in artworks: examples from DIA

DIA*

Below are European paintings in the Detroit Institute of Arts Museum collections which illustrate some of the kinds of provenance gaps one can still see today in museum collections.

The first table shows examples of artworks with the words "art market" in the provenance while the second shows artworks with the word "private".

Questions for art history students interested in WWII-era provenance research:


  • Who owned these paintings before 1933 and from 1933 to 1945?
  • Can you tell from the provenance published on the website of the DIA?
  • Some of the provenance texts begin long after 1945. Others begin before 1945 but are missing names and places for long stretches of time, including the years 1933-1945. What action does this suggest might be necessary?
  • What can the art historian understand by studying provenance texts in groups?
  • Are there certain names that stand out? **
  • How many of these artworks appear on the Nazi Era Provenance Internet Portal?
  • What kind of work might be necessary to "fill the gaps" in these provenances?
  • How should priorities be set in order to focus efforts in the right place?






Table 1: Artworks from the Detroit Institute of Arts Museum acquired after 1932 whose provenance contains the words "art market" ***


ArtistTitleUrlProvenance
Master of Saint Sang, Netherlandish, active 1520Ecce Homohttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/ecce-homo-536201913, art market (Paris, France);May 15-17, 1950, auctioned (by? to?) Emile Artus at (Galerie Charpentier, France);Collection of Dr. Ricardo de Espirito Santo Silva (Lisbon, Protugal);1989, (Otto Naumann, New York, USA);1989, (Valery Taylor, New York, USA);1989-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
attributed to Francisco de Herrera the Elder, Spanish, 1576-1656St. Anthony Preaching to the Fisheshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/st-anthony-preaching-fishes-102671painted for the Franciscan Convent of San Antonio de Padua (Seville, Spain);1836, confiscated during the suppression of the convents;1836, sold by Antonio Fortajada;1836, purchased by Don Antonio Bravo (Seville, Spain);by descent to his brother Don Aniceto Bravo (Seville, Spain);by descent to the widow of Don Aniceto Bravo;ca. 1853, sold by the widow of Don Aniceto Bravo.;1980, Don Millán Delgado (Seville, Spain).;(Art Market, Madrid, Spain).;1986, private collection (Madrid, Spain).;private collection.;(Robert Simon Fine Art, Inc., New York, New York, USA);2013-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Il Pensionante del Saraceni, Italian, active ca. 1615-1620The Fruit Vendorhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/fruit-vendor-48657possibly February 1644, Duca Francesco Sannesi[o] (Rome, Italy);1651, heirs of Cardinal Jacopo Sannesi (Rome, Italy).;by 1806, Arthur Champernowne, Esq. (London, England);May 24, 1806, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 27;June 30, 1820, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 61 [as by Caravaggio];Lord Annandale (England);February 15, 1832, sold by (George Squibb's, London, England) lot 101 [as by Caravaggio].;possibly ca. 1930, (Art Market, London, England).;Count V. P. Zubow (Riga, Latvia);1935-1936, purchased by (Jacob Heimann, Milan, Italy);purchased by Edsel B. Ford;1936-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Andrea da Murano, ItalianThe Mourning Saint Johnhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/mourning-saint-john-24705Paris, Collection Gaboriaud? (according to Zeri, 1968);Florence, art market (according to Deusch, 1934);Rome, Ugo Jandolo (dealer-until 1937), from whom purchased by DIA in March, 1937.
Unknown (Flemish)Two Jestershttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/two-jesters-251511935, (art market, Paris, France);1938, Alexander Popoff (Paris);(Leo Grinberg, dealer/agent for Popoff, New York, New York, USA);1939-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
workshop of Georges de La Tour, French, 1593-1652Saint Sebastian Nursed by Saint Irenehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/saint-sebastian-nursed-saint-irene-51611(?) Amsterdam, art market (probably Vitale Bloch);London, auction (Robinson, Fisher & Harding), 8 December, 1933, lot 4 (as unknown);London, Rosenbaum (dealer, 1934);London, Rowland, Browse & Delbanco (dealer, 1934);New York, Julius Weitzner (dealer, 1935);New York, Collection Joseph Brummer (1935--);New York, E. & A. Silberman (dealer, 1947, acquired after Brummer's death), from whom acquired by the DIA in 1948.
Lucas Cranach the Elder, German, 1472-1553Saint Christopherhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/saint-christopher-415971883, Baron Mecklenburg (Berlin, Germany);June 3, 1919, auction Freiherr von Mecklenburg (Berlin, Germany) lot 73;July 27, 1928, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction Garnier, lot 40;private collection (New York, New York, USA);(art market, Berlin, Germany);1932, private collection (Potsdam, Germany);(Böhler and Steinmeyer, Munich, Germany and New York, New York, USA);(Howard Young Galleries, New York, New York, USA);Mr. and Mrs. Edward Fisher (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1961-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Domenico Antonio Vaccaro, Italian, 1678-1745Solomon Worshiping a Pagan Godhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/solomon-worshiping-pagan-god-63908private collection (Monaco or southern France;ca. 1960, sold (art market, Nice, France);private collection (Italy);1963, P. & D. Colnaghi & Co. (London, England);October 2, 1965, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)


Table 2: Artworks from the Detroit Institute of Arts Museum acquired after 1932 whose provenance contains the word "private" ***


ArtistTitleUrlProvenance
Lorenzo de Caro, Italian, active ca. 1740-1762Esther Before Ahasuerushttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/esther-ahasuerus-362251930, Deswaef (Genoa, Italy);Prince Mdivani [d. 1935] (Paris, France);private collection (California, USA);1984, (Piero Corsini, New York, New York, USA);1984-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Lorenzo de Caro, Italian, active ca. 1740-1762The Israelites Worshiping The Golden Calfhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/israelites-worshiping-golden-calf-362261930, Deswaef (Genoa, Italy);Prince Mdivani [d. 1935] (Paris, France);private collection (California, USA);1984, (Piero Corsini, New York, New York, USA);1984-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Harald Slott-Møller, Danish, 1864-1937Georg Brandes at the University in Copenhagenhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/georg-brandes-university-copenhagen-61761March 20, 1969, purchased by Rasmussen (Copenhagen, Denmark) lot 187;until 1990, private collection (Europe);November 29, 1990, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 1;1991-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Pierre Cécile Puvis de Chavannes, French, 1824-1898Children in an Orchard / Autumnhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/children-orchard-autumn-57870before 1928 (Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, France);Private Collection (Marseilles, France);1992, (Marc Blondeau, Paris, France);1992-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Henri Gervex, French, 1852-1929Café Scene in Parishttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/caf%C3%A9-scene-paris-45816private collection (France);sold by (J. Pierre Selz, Paris, France, and Lynven, Inc., New York, New York, USA);1992-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Egbert Lievensz van der Poel, Dutch, 1621-1664Peasants Fleeing a Burning Barnhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/peasants-fleeing-burning-barn-573291809-1825, Mr. Edward Pretty at the Rugby School (Rugby, England);Charles Buswell (Northhampton, England);private collection (Jubblepore, India);private collection (Netherlands);private collection, probably Jack Kilgore (New York, New York, USA);sold by (Jack Kilgore, Gutekunst and Co., New York, New York, USA);1993-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Aert van der Neer, Dutch, 1603-1677Moonlit Landscape with a Windmillhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/moonlit-landscape-windmill-93418Sir Francis Cook [1817-1901], created baronet in 1886 (Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England);by descent to his son, Sir Frederick Cook [1844-1920] (Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England);by descent to his son, Sir Herbert Cook [1868-1939] (Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England);by descent to his son, Sir Francis Ferdinand Maurice Cook [1907-1978] (Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England);ca. 1958, (Thomas Agnew and Sons, London, England);private collection (England);2001, (Galerie Sanct Lucas, Vienna, Austria);2001-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Roelandt Savery, Dutch, 1578-1639Mountainous Landscape with an Entrance to a Minehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/mountainous-landscape-entrance-mine-93416June 26, 1957, sold by (Sotheby's, London, England) lot 119 [as Gillis d'Hondecoeter] [for 550 pounds sterling];1957, purchased by R. Herzig;1957-1960, (Galerie Sanct Lucas, Vienna, Austria);1960, (Galerie P. de Boer, Amsterdam, Netherlands);April 6, 1977, sold by (Sotheby's, London, England) lot 7 [as lacking evidence of a signature];1983-1991, British Rail Pension Fund, on loan to Firle Place (Sussex, England);June 3, 1996, sold by (Sotheby's, London, England) auction British Rail Pension Fund, lot 62 [as with traces of a signature] [for 56,500 pounds sterling];private collection (Netherlands);2001, (David Koetser Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland);2001-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Eugène Delacroix, French, 1798-1863A Portrait of Dr. François-Marie Desmaisonshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/portrait-dr-fran%C3%A7ois-marie-desmaisons-93520Dr. François-Marie Desmaisons [d. 1856] (Paris, France);possibly presented by the sitter to his mother [d. 1852] and retained by him after her death;by descent to the sitter's brother and sole heir, Baron Jean-Jacques Pierre Desmaisons [d. 1873] (Aix-les-Bains, France);by descent to his nephew, Charles Reymond (Turin, Italy);until 1967, by descent to his granddaughter, Maria Buffa di Perrero;(Galerie Heim, Paris, France);June 21, 1983, sold by (Sotheby's, London, United Kingdom) lot 16;private collection (USA);by 2001, (P.&D. Colnaghi & Co., London, United Kingdom);2001-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Claude Joseph Vernet, French, 1714-1789Soldiers in a Mountain Gorge, with a Stormhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/soldiers-mountain-gorge-storm-93279the artist, Claude Joseph Vernet;April 20, 1790, artist's estate sale (Paris, France) no. 14;March 17, 1879, Dr. Cruvellier sale (Paris, France) no. 47;private collection (Paris, France);October 1986-2001, (Matthiesen Gallery, London, England);2001-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Edwart Collyer, Dutch, ca.1640 - after 1708Still Life: A Letter Rackhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/still-life-letter-rack-940741958, (Rapps Konsthandel, Stockholm, Sweden);until 2000, private collection (Sweden);2001-2002, (Bob B. Haboldt & Company, Paris, France and New York, New York, USA);2002-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Pompeo Girolamo Batoni, Italian, 1708-1787Samson and Delilahhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/samson-and-delilah-94301private collection (Europe);1987-2003, (Matthiesen Gallery, London, England);2003-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Phillips Wouwerman, Dutch, 1619-1668Soldiers Carousing with a Serving Woman outside a Tenthttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/soldiers-carousing-serving-woman-outside-tent-94753Tronchin (Bessinge, France, near Geneva, Switzerland);January 12-15, 1780, sold by (Lebrun, Paris, France) auction Tronchin, lot 53 [sold for 2,300 frs.];Marquis de Montesquiou (France);December 9, 1788, sold by (Lebrun, Paris, France) auction Marquis de Montesquiou, lot 124 [sold with a pendant for 5,000 frs];by 1842, Baron François Delessert (Paris, France);March 15-18, 1869, sold by (Pillet, Paris, France) auction Baron F. Delessert, lot 107 [sold for 25,500 or 26,500 frs];De Zoete [inscribed on label on back of panel];August 29-September 1, 1934, sold by (Fischer, Lucerne, Switzerland) auction Dodella, lot 1949;private collection (France);April 18, 1977, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 18 [sold for 210,500 pounds sterling];private collection (California);January 26, 2001, sold by (Christie's, New York, New York) lot 51;2002-2004, Johnny Van Haeften Gallery (London, England);2004-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Willem van Mieris, Dutch, 1662-1747The Holy Family and Saint John the Baptisthttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/holy-family-and-saint-john-baptist-94715the artist, Willem van Mieris [1662-1747];commissioned by Pieter de la Court van der Voort (Leiden, Netherlands);by inheritance to his son, Allard de la Court van der Voort (Leiden, Netherlands);September 8, 1766, auction de la Court van der Voort-Backer, lot 33;purchased by Mossel [for fl. 850];private collection (France);December 5, 2001, sold by (PIASA, Paris, France) lot 74;2002, (Rafael Valls Ltd., London, England);2004, (Jack Kilgore & Co., Inc., New York, New York, USA);2004-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Albert Joseph Moore, English, 1841-1893Study for Birdshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/study-birds-94776Thomas Maclean (Haymarket, London, England);Miss Enid M. Vale (London, England and Wolverhampton, England);1970, (Fine Arts Society, London, England);private collection (USA);2003-2004, (Peter Nahum, Leicester Galleries, London, England);2004-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
attributed to Francisco de Herrera the Elder, Spanish, 1576-1656St. Anthony Preaching to the Fisheshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/st-anthony-preaching-fishes-102671painted for the Franciscan Convent of San Antonio de Padua (Seville, Spain);1836, confiscated during the suppression of the convents;1836, sold by Antonio Fortajada;1836, purchased by Don Antonio Bravo (Seville, Spain);by descent to his brother Don Aniceto Bravo (Seville, Spain);by descent to the widow of Don Aniceto Bravo;ca. 1853, sold by the widow of Don Aniceto Bravo.;1980, Don Millán Delgado (Seville, Spain).;(Art Market, Madrid, Spain).;1986, private collection (Madrid, Spain).;private collection.;(Robert Simon Fine Art, Inc., New York, New York, USA);2013-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Francisco de Zurbarán, Spanish, 1598-1664Don Juan Bazo de Moredahttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/don-juan-bazo-de-moreda-103061private collection (Barcelona, Spain).;private collection (Spain).;(Coll & Cortés Ltd. Fine Arts, London, United Kingdom);2015-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Andrea Sacchi, Italian, 1599-1661The Madonna and Child with Saints Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Cosmas and Damianhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-saints-ignatius-loyola-francis-xavier-cosmas-and-damianbefore March 1631, (probably) acquired from the artist by Don Fabrizio Valguarnera [d. 1632] [for 30 scudi, and listed in his inventory, Archivio di Stato, Rome (R. Chirografo 1630-2, Archivio del Governatore, processo contro F. Valguarnera, ff.1158v-1161), as "f.1159v Il quadretto di S. Ignazio cola Mad.a et altri santi piccolo lo comprai qui in Roma quattro mesi sono in c.a dall'Andreucci Pittore et gli lo pagai scudi trenta di m.ta"].;by 1770, A French Marshal [according to an old inscription on the reverse].;Private collection (Ireland);by the early 1960s, purchased by Brian Sewell [1931–2015] (London, England);September 27, 2016, lot 108 sold at auction, Christie's "Brian Sewell Sale" (London, England);2017–present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Gaetano Gandolfi, Italian, 1734-1802Venus Ordering Armor for Aeneas at Vulcan's Forgehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/venus-ordering-armor-aeneas-vulcans-forge-106973possibly by 1926, collection of the artist Borgogne (Ravenna, Italy);private collection (Bologna, Italy), [see Catalogue...Composant le Mobilier et les Collections de Monsieur le Comte R. de Castellane. Sales cat., J.-J. Terris, Nice, France, March 5–9, 1934, p. 10., as in "le cabinet du Directeur du Musée de Bologne"];private collection (Bergamo, Italy);2017–present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jean Dubuffet, French, 1901-1985Le Solitairehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/le-solitaire-108282(Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, New York, USA).;1962, Private collection.;by October 1983, (Donald Morris Gallery, Birmingham, Michigan, USA);October 1983, sold to Margaret H. Demant [1926–2018] (Huntington Woods, Michigan, USA);2018-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
possibly Turone da Verona, ItalianCrucifixionhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/crucifixion-63810Vienna, private collection;New York, E. & A. Silberman Gallery (dealer-1938), from whom purchased by the DIA in Feb., 1938.
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian, 1682-1754Madonna and Child with an Adoring Figurehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-adoring-figure-57076painted for Scuola dell'Angelo Custode [never installed, remained with artist] (Venice, Italy);the artist, Giovanni Battista Piazzetta [1682-1754];ca. 1718, purchased by Zaccaria Sagredo [d. 1729] (Venice, Italy);Gherardo Sagredo [d. 1738] (Venice, Italy);by descent to his widow, Cecilia Grimani-Calergi [d. 1762] (Venice, Italy);possibly Bartolomeo Vitturi;by 1935, private collection (Bologna, Italy);Prof. D. Botto (Milan, Italy);by October 1938, Mario Crespi (Milan, Italy);1938, (Jacob Heimann, Milan, Italy);1938, purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Edsel B. Ford;1938-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Cornelis van der Beke va Cleve, Netherlandish, 1520-1567Madonna and Childhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-38003France, Private Collection;Collection C. Edmund Delbos (by Dec. 1936), by whom presented to the DIA in 1938.
school of Hercules Seghers, Dutch, 1589-1640River Landscapehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/river-landscape-60898Russia, Private collection (according to the dealer, A. C. von Frey);Paris, A. C. von Frey (dealer-1938) from whom purchased by the DIA in Oct., 1938.
Pieter Claesz, Dutch, ca. 1597-1660Still Life with Roemerhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/still-life-roemer-37931Henry Fuseli, the painter [1741-1825].;private collection (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA);(Lilienfeld Galleries, Inc., New York, New York, USA);1940-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Quentin Massys, Netherlandish, ca. between 1465 and 1466-1530Mary Magdalenehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/mary-magdalene-53584England, Private Collection;New York, Schaeffer Galleries (dealer-1940), from whom purchased by the DIA in Sept., 1940.
workshop of Rogier van der Weyden, Netherlandish, ca. 1399-1464Saint Jerome in the Deserthttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/saint-jerome-desert-64849José de Madrazo [d. 1859] (Madrid, Spain);June 3-6, 1867, sold by (Charles Pillet) auction Galerie of Marques de Salamanca on the premises of the Hotel Salamanca, lot 163;private collection (Paris, France);1936-1945, (Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., New York, New York, USA);1945, private collection (New York, New York, USA);1946, (Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co., New York, New York, USA);1946-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA) with gift of funds from Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb
Jan Hackaert, Dutch, 1628 - after 1685Forest Landscape with Stag Hunthttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/forest-landscape-stag-hunt-47336Earl of Moray (Edinburgh, Scotland);March 2, 1912, (Dowell, Edinburgh, Scotland) auction Earl of Moray, lot 57.;(N. Fischmann, London, England);after 1912, private collection (London, England);(Frederick Mont, New York, New York, USA);Margaret Haass Clark;1950-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, 1577-1640Briseis Given Back to Achilleshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/briseis-given-back-achilles-60002the artist, Peter Paul Rubens [1577-1640] (Antwerp, Flanders);until 1691, Joan Baptista Anthoine (Antwerp, Flanders);by inheritance to his daughter, Isabella Clara [lot A];by 1724, Dr. Richard Mead (Great Piazza, Covent Garden, London, England);March 20-22, 1754, sold (Great Piazza, Covent Garden, London, England) lot 111 [in manuscript catalogue] and lot 53 [in printed catalogue];1754, purchased by Johnson, perhaps on behalf of Fulke Greville;R. Fulke Greville (London, England);1794, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction Fulke Greville, lot 49;1794, purchased by Sandilands;until 1829, private collection (Rome, Italy);1829, acquired by G.J. Vernon (Rome, Italy);Baron George John Vernon (Sudbury Hall, near Derby, England);April 16, 1831, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction Baron Vernon, lot 27 or 26 [bought in];by descent to the Vernon family;June 14, 1922, sold by (Sotheby's, London, England) auction Vernon, lot 63 or 62;purchased by (Colnaghi, London, England);1926-1927, probably purchased by (Henry Reinhardt and Son, Inc., New York, New York, USA);1927, purchased by Mr. & Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb (Detroit, Michigan, USA;1953-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Unknown (Flemish)Portrait of a Manhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/portrait-man-26882England, Private collection;New York, Henry Reinhardt and Son, (1926) from whom bought by Mr. Edgar;Whitcomb;Detroit, Collection Mr. and Mrs. Edgar B. Whitcomb, (1924) by whom;bequeathed to The Detroit Institute of Arts in 1953.
Master of the Female Half Lengths, FlemishThe Death of Lucretiahttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/death-lucretia-53629Worms, Germany, Private Collection;Speyer, then New York, Collection Samuel Moses, by descent to his son;New Orleans Gus Moses, by descent to his son;New Orleans, Harry L. Moses (as by Lucas Cranach), by Dec. 1928;by whom given to the DIA in 1958.
Michel Sittow, Netherlandish, ca. 1468 - 1525 or 1526A Young Man in a Red Caphttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/young-man-red-cap-61539Genoa, private collection;Wien?;Lucerne, 1925?;Berlin?;Paul Bottenwieser (dealer, based in Munich, Berlin, New York), likely January 1928;Sold to Julius H. Haass, Detroit, 1928;by descent to (?) Mrs. Lillian Henkel Haass, 1940;Newhouse Galleries, New York, 1957/58;Frederick Mont, New York;Detroit, DIA (presented by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ford II).
Sodoma, Italian, 1477-1549The Holy Family and St. Johnhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/holy-family-and-st-john-61846until 1928, private collection (France);May 21-22, 1928, sold by Galerie Petit, no. 35 [for 28,000 francs];by April 1930, until after 1933, Howard Young Gallery;Mr. & Mrs. Charles B. Bohn (Detroit, Michigan, USA);by inheritance to their daughter, Mrs. George Munroe Endicott [Edna Bohn] (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1959-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
School of Marches, Italian, 1300-1400Madonna and Child Enthroned with Four Saintshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-enthroned-four-saints-53381private collection (near London, England);possibly 1920s, (Bacri Frères, Paris, France);until 1935, (John Levy Galleries, New York, New York, USA);1935-1961, Mrs. Lillian Henkel Haass (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1961-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Lucas Cranach the Elder, German, 1472-1553Saint Christopherhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/saint-christopher-415971883, Baron Mecklenburg (Berlin, Germany);June 3, 1919, auction Freiherr von Mecklenburg (Berlin, Germany) lot 73;July 27, 1928, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction Garnier, lot 40;private collection (New York, New York, USA);(art market, Berlin, Germany);1932, private collection (Potsdam, Germany);(Böhler and Steinmeyer, Munich, Germany and New York, New York, USA);(Howard Young Galleries, New York, New York, USA);Mr. and Mrs. Edward Fisher (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1961-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Paul Delaroche, French, 1797-1856Marie Antoinettehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/marie-antoinette-42328C.S. Mott;private collection, Detroit, by gift;1962-present, bequest to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Domenico Antonio Vaccaro, Italian, 1678-1745Solomon Worshiping a Pagan Godhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/solomon-worshiping-pagan-god-63908private collection (Monaco or southern France;ca. 1960, sold (art market, Nice, France);private collection (Italy);1963, P. & D. Colnaghi & Co. (London, England);October 2, 1965, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Carlo Bononi, Italian, 1569-1632Adoration of the Shepherdshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/adoration-shepherds-35102Germany, private collection (ca. 1935);Munich, Professor Herman Voss (as late as 1959);New York, Frederick Mont (dealer, by 1962), from whom purchase by the DIA with funds provided by Robert H. Tannahill (R. Tannahill Fund).;Note, that the German private coll., c. 1935, was not cited by Bissell in the 2005 catalogue -- is this incorrect information, or did he simply not know about it?
Salvator Rosa, Italian, 1615-1673Self-Portraithttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/self-portrait-59778private collection (France);Mrs. Loraine Uhler (New York, New York, USA);1966, purchased by (M. Knoedler & Co., New York, New York, USA);1966-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Felice Torelli, Italian, 1667-1748Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyrhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/martyrdom-saint-peter-martyr-63630England, collection Henry Constantine Jennings (1731-1819, lived in Shiplake and London, collector's mark, Lugt 2771 on our work);London, sale, collection H. C. Jennings (Christie's), 15 April 1778, lot 53 (as Carlo Cignani) (Lugt 2836), bought by John Trevor, Viscount Hampden;England, collection John Trevor, Viscount Hampden (1794-1824, until 1827);London, auction, collection Hampden (Sotheby's) 27-29 June 1827, lot. 46 (as Carlo Cignani);Vienna, private collection;Montréal, Collection Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Randall (purchased in Vienna during WWII--until 1966), by whom given to the DIA.
Laurent de La Hyre, French, 1606-1656The Finding of Moseshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/finding-moses-51476private collection (Paris, France);April 6, 1836, sold by (Hôtel des Ventes Mobilières, Paris, France) lot 9;private collection (Detroit, Michigan, USA);by June 1969, Dr. & Mrs. Coleman Mopper (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1971-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jules Alexander Gamba de Preydour, French, 1846 - c. 1931A Cove with Fishermenhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/cove-fishermen-45610England, private collection (n.d.);Collection Hennessy (1878);Grosse Pointe, MI, Degrimme Art Gallery (dealer-1971);Detroit, Collection Dr. & Mrs. Coleman Mopper, by whom given to the DIA in 1971 (purchased by DIA with funds provided by Moppers?).
Jean Honoré Fragonard, French, 1732-1806The Shepherdesshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/shepherdess-45276possibly 18th century, (Hôtel de Mortemart-Rochechouart, Paris, France);possibly private collection (northern France);Baron Roger Portalis (Paris, France);by 1907, Eugen Kraemer [sic] (Paris, France);May 5-6, 1913, Eugène Kraemer [sic] sale (Paris, France) lot 32;by 1914, (Wildenstein with E. Gimpel, New York, New York, USA);Judge Elbert H. Gary [d. 1927] (New York, New York, USA);(Duveen Brothers, New York, New York, USA);acquired by Anna Thomson Dodge (Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, USA);June 25, 1971, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 6;1971-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jean Honoré Fragonard, French, 1732-1806The Grape Gathererhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/grape-gatherer-45274possibly 18th century, (Hôtel de Mortemart-Rochechouart, Paris, France);possibly private collection (northern France);Baron Roger Portalis (Paris, France);by 1907, Eugen Kraemer [sic] (Paris, France);May 5-6, 1913, Eugène Kraemer [sic] sale (Paris, France) lot 34;by 1914, (Wildenstein with E. Gimpel, New York, New York, USA);Judge Elbert H. Gary [d. 1927] (New York, New York, USA);(Duveen Brothers, New York, New York, USA);acquired by Anna Thomson Dodge (Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, USA);June 25, 1971, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 7;1971-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jean Honoré Fragonard, French, 1732-1806The Reaperhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/reaper-45275possibly 18th century, (Hôtel de Mortemart-Rochechouart, Paris, France);possibly private collection (northern France);Baron Roger Portalis (Paris, France);by 1907, Eugen Kraemer [sic] (Paris, France);May 5-6, 1913, Eugène Kraemer [sic] sale (Paris, France) lot 35;by 1914, (Wildenstein with E. Gimpel, New York, New York, USA);Judge Elbert H. Gary [d. 1927] (New York, New York, USA);(Duveen Brothers, New York, New York, USA);acquired by Anna Thomson Dodge (Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, USA);June 25, 1971, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 8;1971-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jean Honoré Fragonard, French, 1732-1806The Gardenerhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/gardener-45273possibly 18th century, (Hôtel de Mortemart-Rochechouart, Paris, France);possibly private collection (northern France);Baron Roger Portalis (Paris, France);by 1907, Eugen Kraemer [sic] (Paris, France);May 5-6, 1913, Eugène Kraemer [sic] sale (Paris, France) lot 33;by 1914, (Wildenstein with E. Gimpel, New York, New York, USA);Judge Elbert H. Gary [d. 1927] (New York, New York, USA);(Duveen Brothers, New York, New York, USA);acquired by Anna Thomson Dodge (Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan, USA);June 25, 1971, sold by (Christie's, London, England) lot 9;1971-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Luca Giordano, Italian, 1634-1705Entombment of Christhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/entombment-christ-45978Maria Carolina di Borbone, Duchess of Berry (Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi, Venice, Italy);April 19, 1865, sold by (Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France) auction Duchess of Berry, lot 70;private collection (France);(Heim Gallery, Paris, France);1972-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Antonio Gonzalez Velazquez, Spanish, 1723 - 1794The Birth of the Virginhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/birth-virgin-46117Enzo Constanttini (Rome, Italy);May 9, 1972, sold by Duran (Madrid, Spain) lot 54, [as Corrado Giaquinto.];private collection (Madrid, Spain);1973 (Jan Dik, Rome, Italy);1973-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jan van Scorel, Netherlandish, 1495-1562Pilgrimhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/pilgrim-60767Essingh (Cologne, Germany);private collection (Trier, Germany);Rudolf Chillingworth (Nürnberg, Germany);September 5, 1922, sold by Fischer (Lucerne, Switzerland) auction Chillingworth, lot 35;George G. Booth (Detroit, Michigan, USA);Cranbrook Academy of Art (Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, USA);May 17-18, 1972, sold by (Parke-Bernet, New York, New York, USA) auction Cranbrook Academy of Art, lot 75;1972-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Théodore Chassériau, French, 1819-1856Young Monkhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/young-monk-36841until 1969, private collection (Paris, France);1969, private collection (Zürich, Switzerland);1974, (Walter Feilchenfeldt, Zürich, Switzerland);1974-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Pierre Henri de Valenciennes, French, 1750-1819Landscape of Ancient Greecehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/landscape-ancient-greece-639191787, Marquis de Crillon (Paris, France);private collection (Paris, France);1861, Mme. la Marquise de Crillon, L'Hôtel de la Place Concorde (Paris, France);1973, Princess du Polignac (Paris, France);1975, (Galerie Heim-Gairac, Paris, France);1975-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Sebastiano Ricci, Italian, 1659-1734The Miraculous Draught of Fisheshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/miraculous-draught-fishes-58375until 1976, private collection (France);1976, (Heim Gallery, London, England);1976-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Thomas Couture, French, 1815-1879Drummer Boyhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/drummer-boy-415441857, J.V. (Paris, France);April 24, 1857, sold by (Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France) auction M.V.J. [van Isacker or Isaac] lot 5 [as L'enfant au tambour, for 5825 francs];1880, private collection (Paris, France);1880s, private collection (posibly USA);by 1967, until 1976, (Ira Spanierman, Inc., New York, New York, USA);1976-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Jean-François Millet, French, 1814-1875Madame Catherine Chancoignehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madame-catherine-chancoigne-54642France, Turqueville, collection Chancoigne-Roumy family;by descent to Bernard Roumy, until 1933;25 Nov. 1933, (Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France) auction Bernard Roumy, lot 77 [Ffrs 6,400];1933, bought by (Feuardent Frères, Paris, France);1933, private collection (Geneva, Switzerland);by 1977, (Heim Gallery, London, England) from whom purchased by the DIA;1977 – present, Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Betrothal of Cupid and Psychehttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/betrothal-cupid-and-psyche-56344commissioned by Count C.F. Aldrovandi (Bologna, Italy);until 1941, by descent to the family of Count C.F. Aldrovandi;private collection (England);1976-1978, (Heim Gallery, London, England);1978-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Carlo Dolci, Italian, 1616-1687Madonna and Childhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-42718private collector (possibly Florence, Italy).;1924, Collection of Major J. McVeagh (County Wicklow, Ireland);April 20, 1977, sale (Sotheby's, London, England);1977-1978, dual ownership Julius Weitzner and Colnaghi;1978-present, purchase via (Stabilimento Falivo, Vaduz, Liechtenstein) by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
François André Vincent, French, 1746-1816President Mole Manhandled by Insurgentshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/president-mole-manhandled-insurgents-64291Geneva, Private Collection (n.d.);London, Heim Gallery (1978) from whom purchased by the DIA.
workshop of Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, 1577-1640Warrior with Two Pageshttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/warrior-two-pages-59999possibly, collection of Cornelis van der Geest (Antwerp, Belgium);possibly, collection of Duke of Orleans (Paris, France);private collection (Bath, England);1968-1979, (Julius H. Weitzner, London, England);1979-present, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Nicolas de Largillière, French, 1656-1746Frederick Augustus, Count Rutowskihttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/frederick-augustus-count-rutowski-51750Prior to 1980, private Polish collection (Paris, France);by 1980, sold to (Andrew Ciechanowiecki, dealer for Heim Gallery, London, England);1980-present, purchase by Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Sassoferrato, Italian, 1609-1685Madonna and Childhttps://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/madonna-and-child-603741860, possibly Haeglin (Basel, Switzerland);until 1872, Joseph Gillot (Birmingham, England);May 3, 1872, sold by (Christie's, London, England) auction collection J. Gillot, lot 326;1872, purchased by Nieuwenhuis [for £175];private collection, possibly Mr. Jones;James E. Scripps (Detroit, Michigan, USA);1889-present, gift to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)


*photo DIA Adoration of the Shepherds, c. 1615/1625 

https://www.dia.org/art/collection/object/adoration-shepherds-35102
Carlo Bononi
Adoration of the Shepherds, c. 1615/1625
oil on wood panel
Provenance:Germany, private collection (ca. 1935);
Munich, Professor Herman Voss (as late as 1959);
New York, Frederick Mont (dealer, by 1962), from whom purchase by the DIA with funds provided by Robert H. Tannahill (R. Tannahill Fund).

** names that appear in the DIA European paintings provenances that also contain the words “art market” or “private”

Galerie Charpentier
Count V. P. Zubow
Ugo Jandolo
Alexander Popoff
Vitale Bloch
Böhler and Steinmeyer
Howard Young Galleries
P.&D. Colnaghi & Co
Prince Mdivani
Rasmussen
Galerie Georges Petit
J. Pierre Selz
Lynven Inc
Jack Kilgore
Galerie Sanct Lucas, Vienna
Sotheby’s
Galerie P. de Boer
Matthiesen Gallery
Rapps Konsthandel, Stockholm
Fischer, Lucerne Switzerland
Mossel
Fine Arts Society, London
Coll & Cortes Ltd Fine Arts, London
Brian Sewell
Pierre Matisse Gallery
E. & A. Silberman
Prof. D. Botto, Milan
C. Edmund Delbos
A. C. von Frey
Lilienfeld Galleries, inc, NY
Schaeffer Galleries
Arnold Seligmann, Rey and Co, NY
Frederick Mont, NY
Paul Bottenwieser, Munich, Berlin, NY
Newhouse Galleries, NY
Frederick Mont
Bacri Frères, Paris, France
John Levy Galleries
C.S. Mott
Professor Heran Voss
Heim Gallery
Walter Feilchenfeldt
Ira Spanierman, Inc
Count C.F. Aldrovandi
Julius H. Weitner
possibly Mr. Jones

*** Provenance texts for European paintings retrieved from the Detroit Institute of Arts Museum public website in October and November 2019, then filtered for artworks acquired after 1932 and whose provenance texts contain the words "art market" (table 1) and "private" (table 2)

Coming next: Ideas for analysing these incomplete provenance texts to see what they might be able to tell us about the art dealers whose names appear