Showing posts with label Nazi-Looted Art. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nazi-Looted Art. Show all posts

Oct 23, 2023

Contextual Information for Nazi-era Provenance Research - Wikidata Sparql Query

Holocaust victim, art looting Red Flag name, Nazi party member, or persecuted person?

Art historians, provenance researchers, museum curators, scholars of the Holocaust and the art market,

If you would like to know whether a person in a provenance is a Holocaust victim, a looting Red Flag name, a Nazi party member, or a persecuted person, here is a Sparql query in Wikidata that can help:
                                                       (collectors, dealers)

Clicking on the link above runs a Wikidata Sparql query.

The link below is more complete but runs slower...

(collectors, dealers, curators, art historians)

Sep 28, 2023

Lady with a Fan, Lady with a False Provenance


Why did the National Gallery of Victoria originally list a "Dr. Grunden of Hamburg" in the provenance of this 17th century painting by Gerard ter Borch, Lady with a Fan

When Max Emden's grandson, Juan Carlos Emden, found, in Australia, the painting that had belonged to his family before Hitler came to power, he knew the provenance was wrong.

Aug 8, 2023

Kurt Feldhäusser or Weyhe in provenance of artworks in American museums

Source UrlTitleArtistCredit LineAcc NumProvenance Woman with CrabAristide Maillol | Crouching Woman with Crab | French | The Metropolitan Museum of ArtBequest of Scofield Thayer, 19821984.433.35Mr. Bruno and Mrs. Sadie Adriani Bruno and Sadie Adriani, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Calif., [ Buchholz Gallery } [Buchholz Gallery, New York], E. Weyhe Gallery [E. Weyhe, New York, probably on loan to the Whitney Studio, New York, sold in March 1924 to Thayer], [probably on loan to Whitney Studio, sold in March 1924 to Thayer], Scofield Thayer (1924–d. 1982, on extended loan to the Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Mass., as part of the Dial Collection, 1936–82, his bequest to MMA), Worcester Art Museum Fisher | Harvard Art MuseumsDiego Rivera, Mexican (Guanajuato, Mexico 1886 - 1957 Mexico City)Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Meta and Paul J. Sachs1965.437Recorded Ownership History;[The E. Weyhe Gallery, New York, New York], sold, to Meta and Paul J. Sachs (L. 2091), Cambridge, Massachusetts, bequest, to Fogg Art Museum, 1965. 12E | Harvard Art MuseumsEl Lissitzky, Russian (Pochinok, Russia 1890 - 1941 Moscow, Russia)Harvard Art Museums/Busch-Reisinger Museum, Association FundBR49.303Recorded Ownership History;Kurt Feldhäusser, Berlin, bequest, to Marie Luise Feldhäusser, 1945, sold, [E. Weyhe Gallery, New York], sold, to Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1949. Soldatenbad (Artillerymen)Ernst Ludwig KirchnerNOTE: Claim for Nazi-looted art and Restitutionto heirs of Alfred FlechtheimProvenance;Galerie Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt;Alfred Flechtheim, Dusseldorf (acquired from the above in 1919);Städtisches Kunstmuseum, Dusseldorf (acquired by donation in 1928-29);Alfred Flechtheim, Dusseldorf (acquired from the above by exchange in 1930 and left in the custody of his niece, Rosi Hulisch, on his departure from Germany in 1933);Kurt Feldhäusser, Berlin (acquired in 1938);Marie Luise Feldhäusser, Berlin (by inheritance from her son, above, in 1945);Erhard Weyhe Gallery, New York (acquired from the above in 1949);Mr. & Mrs. Morton D. May, St. Louis (acquired by 1952);The Museum of Modern Art, New York (a gift from the above in 1956);The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (by exchange from the above in 1988);Acquired by restitution from the above in 2018

Jun 3, 2023

Nazi looted art restitution claims case studies: Newsletter April 2023 – N°16

To read the complete newsletter, please see:

In this post, we reproduce the case studies published in April 2023 (Number 16) by the Network of European Restitution Committees on Nazi-Looted Art (originally published by the Advisory Commission)

  • CASE STUDY Update: A German family hands over to France two paintings stolen in Brittany during the Occupation 
  • CASE STUDY Restitution to heirs of Dr. Erich Stern 
  • CASE STUDY The painter Hirschenhauser and a special work of art 
  • CASE STUDY The Fritz Illner collection. Provenance Research in the Natural History Museum Vienna 
(Searchable text with some names highlighted)

Advisory Commission on the Return of Cultural Property Seized as a Result of Nazi persecution: recommendations in searchable text

This is a searchable text-only copy of recommendations originally published by the Advisory Commission on the return of cultural property  (Beratende Kommission NS-Raubgut)

  • Robert Graetz
  • Kurt and Else Grawi
  • Heinrich Rieger
  • Max Fischer
  • Dr. and Mrs. Max Stern
  • Max J. Emden
  • Max und Margarethe Rüdenberg
  • Felix Hildesheimer
  • Alfred Salomon 
  • Alfred Flechtheim
  • Ludwig Traube
  • Eduard L. Behrens
  • Clara Levy geb. Isaak
  • J.S. Goldschmidt, I. Rosenbaum und Z.M. Hackenbroch 
  • Paul Westheim
  • Alexander Lewin
  • Julius und Clara Freund

May 1, 2023

Detecting looted art and forgery with help from ChatGPT

 Formulating questions for an AI Chatbot can be a good way to clarify issues and methodologies.

In the conversation below, I ask ChatGPT for help in detecting patterns in the false provenances of looted art and forgeries that have been identified and debunked. ChatGPT reformulates the questions and adds some insights that can be useful. 

(Introduction to a series on analyzing provenance with ChatGPT)

Can you help me to detect looted art and forgery?


Dec 14, 2022

Art Provenance Texts as Data: Restitution Histories in Auction Catalogs

Adolph Menzel, restituted to the heirs of Walter Westfeld

When Nazi-looted artworks are restituted, families are often obliged to sell at least some of the artworks. For this they turn to auction houses. As a result, the provenances published by auction houses may provide valuable insights into the art market networks that handled the looted art until the time of restitution

Below is a selection of several provenances published online by Sotheby's. Some of the provenance texts indicate that artworks put up for auction had previously been restituted to the families of persecuted collectors. 

For the artworks that have been restituted, the provenances - before the restitution - offer clues to how the resale market for Nazi-looted art worked. Through which hands did the artworks pass? Do any names recur? 

Mar 30, 2022

Biographies of people involved in the Nazi-looted art trade formerly published on Lostart whose urls no longer seem to work.

 The German Lost Art Foundation published online the biographies of "Beteiligte Privatpersonen und Körperschaftern am NS-Kulturegutraub" which translates to "Private individuals and corporate bodies involved in the NS cultural property theft". 

The  content below has since disappeared from the internet. A few entries can now be found in the internet archive or, in modified form, on Proveana. Others appear to be lost.

Oct 9, 2021

Persecuted Jewish art collectors in LOSTART for Looted Art Detector Key Indicator Counts

The Looted Art Detector automatically counts any word or phrase included in the Key Indicator file and adds information about the number of times it appears in the provenance of each artwork.

One kind of name to flag and count is that of Jewish art collectors known to have been either robbed or forced to sell their art collections due to Nazi persecution. There are many different sources, including claims files, lawsuits, news article, restitution committee report and various databases. 

Below is a list of Persecuted Jewish Art Collectors, published by the German Lost Art Foundation. 

The appearance of any of these names in the provenance of an artwork raises the possibility of a problematic provenance. For this reason it makes sense to include them in the Looted Art Detector Key Indicator file.

(for more on the use of custom indicators in the Looted Art Detector, please see: )

Jüdische Sammler und Kunsthändler (Opfer nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung und Enteignung) LOSTARTurl
Abramowicz, Leon,%20Leon.html
Adelsberger, Abraham,%20Abraham.html
Alexander, Dr. Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris
Altmann, Bernhard,%20Bernhard.html
Amon, Hans,%20Hans.html
Anninger, Otto,%20Otto.html
Arens, Dr. Gustav (Nachlass),%20Dr.%20Gustav%20(Nachlass).html
Arnhold, Eduard (Nachlass),%20Eduard%20(Nachlass).html
Arnhold, Hans,%20Hans.html
Arnhold, Lisa,%20Lisa.html
Askonas, Carl,%20Carl.html
Auspitz-Artenegg, Theodor,%20Theodor.html
Auspitz, Stefan,%20Stefan.html
Bachofen-Echt (geb. Lederer), Elisabeth,%20Elisabeth.html
Ball, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Bamberger, Gustav,%20Gustav.html
Bamberger, Ludwig,%20Ludwig.html
Barach, Claire,%20Claire.html
Beer-Hofmann, Richard,%20Richard.html
Bendel, Leo,%20Leo.html
Benedikt, Kurt (Curt),%20(Curt)%20Kurt.html
Benedikt, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Bermann Fischer, Dr. med. Gottfried,%20Dr.%20Gottfried.html
Bernheim-Jeune, Gaston,%20Gaston.html
Bernheim-Jeune, Josse,%20Josse.html
Bernheim, Léonce,%20L%C3%A9once.html
Bernheimer, Otto,%20Otto.html
Berolzheimer,Dr. Michael,%20Michael.html
Bettelheim-Gabillon, Ludwig,%20Ludwig.html
Bittmann, Rudolf,%20Rudolf.html
Blauhorn, Josef,%20Josef.html
Bleichröder, Familie (Baron) v.,%20Familie%20v..html
Blitz, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Blitz, Wilhelm,%20Wilhelm.html
Bloch-Bauer, Ferdinand,%20Ferdinand.html
Bloch, Dr. Hans,%20Dr.%20Hans.html
Bloch, Felix (Nachlass),%20Felix%20(Nachlass).html
Bloch, Sidonie,%20Sidonie.html
Bloch, Viktor,%20Viktor.html
Blum, Léon,%20L%C3%A9on.html
Blum, Victor G.,%20Victor%20G..html
Bondy, Oscar,%20Oscar.html
Breuer, Julius,%20Julius.html
Brill, Otto,%20Otto.html
Buchstab, Julius,%20Julius.html
Budge (geb. Lazarus), Emma,%20Emma.html
Cahn-Speyer, Paul,%20Paul.html
Cassel, Baron van Doorn,%20Baron%20van%20Doorn.html
Cassirer, Bruno,%20Bruno.html
Cleef, van,%20van.html
Czeczowiczka, Arthur,%20Arthur.html
Czeczowiczka, Edwin,%20Edwin.html
Darmstaedter, Ludwig (Nachlass),%20Ludwig%20(Nachlass).html
David-Weill, David,%20David.html
David-Weill, Pierre,%20Pierre.html
Dosquet, Dr. Wilhelm,%20Dr.%20Wilhelm.html
Drey, Siegfried (Kunsthandlung A.S. Drey),%20Siegfried.html
Dreyfus, Gaston,%20Gaston.html
Dreyfus, Henri,%20Henri.html
Dreyfus, Maurice,%20Maurice.html
Duschnitz, Willibald,%20Willibald.html
van Diemen, Galerie
École Rabbinique Paris
Egger-Möllwald, Lothar,%20Lothar.html
Egger, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Eisler, Alfred (Nachlass),%20Alfred%20(Nachlass).html
Eissler, Dr. Hermann,%20Dr.%20Hermann.html
Emden, Max James,%20Max%20James.html
Engel, Hans,%20Hans.html
Ephrussi, Ritter von Viktor,%20Ritter%20von%20Viktor.html
Epstein (geb. Wiedmann), Charlotte,%20Charlotte.html
Erlanger, Dr.,%20Dr..html
Ernst, Rudolf,%20Rudolf.html
Fédération des Sociétés Juives de France
Fürst, Leo,%20Leo.html
Fürstenberg, Hans (Jean),%20Hans.html
Federer, Oskar,%20Oskar.html
Feist-Wollheim, Hans,%20Hans.html
Feist, Hermine (geb. Wollheim),%20Hermine.html
Feldberg, Dr. Siegbert,%20Dr.%20Siegbert.html
Feldmann, Dr. Arthur,%20Dr.%20Arthur.html
Felsöványi (geb. Loew), Gertrud,%20Gertrud.html
Fischel (geb. Mandl), Adele,%20Adele.html
Flavian, Salomo,%20Salomo.html
Flechtheim, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Flersheim, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Freund, Josef,%20Josef.html
Freund, Julius,%20Julius.html
Freund, Wilhelm,%20Wilhelm.html
Friedmann, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Fuchs, Eduard,%20Eduard.html
Fuld,Peter Harry,%20Peter%20Harry.html
Fuld jun., Harry Sally,%20%20Harry%20Sally.html
Gall, Hermann (Nachlass),%20Hermann%20(Nachlass).html
Gallinek, Dr. Ernst,%20Dr.%20Ernst.html
Gentili di Giuseppe, Frederico,%20Frederico.html
Gerngross, Ludwig,%20Ludwig.html
Gerngross, Paul,%20Paul.html
Gerngross, Robert,%20Robert.html
Geyer, Emil,%20Emil.html
Glaser, Prof. Dr. Curt,%20Prof.%20Dr.%20Curt.html
Goldmann, David,%20David.html
Goldschmidt, Dr. Victor,%20Dr.%20Victor.html
Goldschmidt, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Goldschmidt, Jakob,%20Jakob.html
Goll, Claire & Ivan,%20Claire%20u.%20Ivan.html
Gomperz, Philipp,%20Philipp.html
Goudstikker, Jacques,%20Jacques.html
Grünbaum, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Grünwald, Karl,%20Karl.html
Graetz, Robert,%20Robert.html
Gugenheim, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Gutmann, Eugen,%20Eugen.html
Gutmann, Friedrich (Fritz),%20Friedrich%20(Fritz).html
Gutmann, Rudolf von,%20Rudolf%20von.html
Haas, Felix,%20Felix.html
Haberfeld, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Hakenbroch, Leon Wilhelm,%20Leon%20Wilhelm.html
Halphen, Emile,%20Emile.html
Halphen, George,%20George.html
Hartog, Jacob,%20Jacob.html
Hauser, Alexander,%20Alexander.html
Hecht, Leo,%20Leo.html
Heissfeld (geb. Kulka), Valerie,%20Valerie.html
Helbing, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Hellmann, Wilhelm,%20Wilhelm.html
Herzberg, Franz,%20Franz.html
Herzog, Baron András,%20Baron%20Andr%C3%A1s.html
Herzog, Baron Mor Lipot,%20Baron%20Mor%20Lipot.html
Hesse, Raymond,%20Raymond.html
Hessel, Josse,%20Josse.html
Hinrichsen, Henri,%20Henri.html
Hirsch, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Hirsch, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Hirschland, Georg,%20Georg.html
Hochstim, Adolf,%20Adolf.html
Honig, (Franz) Josef (Nachlass),%20(Franz)%20Josef%20(Nachlass).html
Hupka, Josef Franz,%20Josef%20Franz.html
Jacobi, B.,%20B..html
Jacobson, Maurice-Wolf,%20Maurice-Wolf.html
Jaffé, Dr. iur. Alfons,%20Dr.%20Alfons.html
Jellinek-Mercedes, Dr. Fernand Raoul,%20Dr.%20Fernand%20Raoul.html
Jellinek, Bruno,%20Bruno.html
Königstein (geb. Rosenstraus), Natalie „Nettie“,%20Natalie%20%E2%80%9ENettie%E2%80%9C.html
Kallir-Nirenstein, Otto,%20Otto.html
Kann, Alphonse,%20Alphonse.html
Kantor, Siegfried,%20Siegfried.html
Karpeles-Schenker, Emil (Nachlass),%20Emil%20(Nachlass).html
Katz, Nathan,%20Nathan.html
Ketschendorf (geb. Gutmann), Irma,%20Irma.html
Kien, Julius,%20Julius.html
Kirstein, Berthold und Bettina,%20Berthold%20und%20Bettina.html
Kirstein, Gustav (Nachlass),%20Gustav%20(Nachlass).html
Klapholz, Benedikt,%20Benedikt.html
Klemperer, Gustav v. (Nachlass),%20Gustav%20v.%20(Nachlass).html
Klemperer, Herbert-Otto v.,%20Herbert-Otto%20v..html
Klemperer, Viktor (Victor), Edler v. Klemenau,%20Viktor%20(Victor),%20Edler%20v.%20Klemenau.html
Klinger, Norbert,%20Norbert.html
Koenigs, Franz,%20Franz.html
Kohn, Isidor (Nachlass),%20Isidor%20(Nachlass).html
Kornfeld, Felix,%20Felix.html
Krüger, Hans,%20Hans.html
Kraus, Gottlieb,%20Gottlieb.html
Krausz, Wilhelm Viktor,%20Wilhelm%20Viktor.html
Kronfeld, Arthur,%20Arthur.html
Kronig, Joseph,%20Joseph.html
Kuczynski, Jürgen,%20J%C3%BCrgen.html
Kuffner, Moriz,%20Moriz.html
Kuffner, Wilhelm (Nachlass),%20Wilhelm%20(Nachlass).html
Kulka, Adele,%20Adele.html
Kulka (geb. Manes), Valerie „Wally“,%20Valerie%20%E2%80%9EWally%E2%80%9C.html
Lämmle, Siegfried,%20Siegfried.html
Löffler, Arnold,%20Arnold.html
Löhner, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Löw, Wilhelm,%20Wilhelm.html
Löwenstein, Oscar,%20Oscar.html
Ladner, Oscar L.,%20Oscar%20L..html
Lanckoronski, Anton,%20Anton.html
Landowska, Wanda
Lanyi, Richard,%20Richard.html
Lanz, Otto,%20Otto.html
Lasch, Agathe,%20Agathe.html
Lasus, Georg (Nachlass),%20Georg%20(Nachlass).html
Lazare, Raymond,%20Raymond.html
Lederer, August (Nachlass),%20August%20(Nachlass).html
Lemberger (geb. Bettelheim), Rosa,%20Rosa.html
Levi de Benzion, Moïse,%20Mo%C3%AFse.html
Levy-Benzion (Levy de Benzion)
Levy, Mme. Roger,%20Mme.%20Roger.html
Levy, Silvain,%20Sylvain.html
Lewin, Leo,%20Leo.html
Lieben (geb. Freiin Schey von Koromla), Mathilde,%20Mathilde.html
Liebermann, Max,%20Max.html
Lilienfeld, Leon,%20Leon.html
Lindenbaum, Markus,%20Markus.html
Lindenbaum (später Lindon), Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co. (LiRo)
List, Adolf (Adolph),%20Adolf%20(Adolph).html
Littmann, Dr. Ismar,%20Dr.%20Ismar.html
Lobkowitz (Lobkowicz)
Loebl, Allen,%20Allen.html
Loge Le Grand Orient de France
Loge Groß-Orient de France
Lourié, Arthur,%20Arthur.html
Lugt, Frits,%20Frits.html
Magnus, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Mahler-Werfel (geb. Schindler), Alma,%20Alma.html
Mandel, Israel,%20Israel.html
Mandl, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Mannheimer, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Mautner, Stephan,%20Stephan.html
Mayer, August Liebmann,%20August%20Liebmann.html
Mayländer, Karl,%20Karl.html
Meirowsky (Meirowski), Dr. Max,%20Dr.%20Max.html
Mendelsohn, Edmund (Nachlass),%20Edmund%20(Nachlass).html
Meyszner (geb. Strauss), Alice,%20Alice.html
Milhaud, Darius
Mogrobi, Mozes,%20Mozes.html
Morelli (geb. Havlicsek), Berta,%20Berta.html
Morgenstern, Max,%20Max.html
Munk (geb. Pulitzer), Aranka,%20Aranka.html
Nathan, Henry,%20Henry.html
Nathan, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Neumann, Oskar,%20Oskar.html
Neumann, Richard,%20Richard.html
Nicolas, Etienne,%20Etienne.html
Nothmann, Berthold,%20Berthold.html
Oliven, Dr. Fritz,%20Dr.%20Fritz.html
Oppenheim, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Oppenheim, Margarethe (geb. Eisner, verw. Reichenheim),%20Margarethe.html
Oppenheimer, Jacob,%20%20Jacob.html
Oppenheimer (geb. Todesco), Gabriele,%20Gabriele.html
Perls, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Pick, Ignatz,%20Ignatz.html
Pick, Moric,%20Moric.html
Pick, Otto,%20Otto.html
Polak, Jacob,%20Jacob.html
Pollack, Albert,%20Albert.html
Pollack, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Pollak, Robert,%20Robert.html
Popper-Podhragy, Ernst,%20Ernst.html
Popper-Podhragy, Leopold,%20Leopold.html
Prager, Arthur,%20Arthur.html
Priester, Julius,%20Julius.html
Priester, Leo,%20Leo.html
Pringsheim, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Quittner, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Rüdenberg, Max,%20Max.html
Redlich, Anton,%20Anton.html
Redlich, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Redlich (geb. Zuckerkandl), Amalie,%20Amalie.html
Regenstreif, Friedrich (Fritz),%20Friedrich%20(Fritz).html
Regenstreif, Paul,%20Paul.html
Reichel, Oskar,%20Oskar.html
Reichenbach, B. (Bernhard?).,%20Bernhard.html
Reichmann, Arnim,%20Arnim.html
Reif, Heinrich,%20Heinrich.html
Reisinger, Andreas (Nachlass),%20Andreas%20(Nachlass).html
Richter, Prof. Dr. Elise,%20Prof.%20Dr.%20Elise.html
Rieger, Heinrich,%20Heinrich.html
Roden, Max,%20Max.html
Rosenberg, Paul,%20Paul.html
Rosenstein, Sarah,%20Sarah.html
Rothberger, Heinrich,%20Heinrich.html
Rothberger, Moriz,%20Moriz.html
Rothschild, Alphonse,%20Alphonse.html
Rothschild, Edmond, Baron de,%20Edmond,%20Baron%20de.html
Rothschild, Eduard, Baron de,%20Eduard,%20Baron%20de.html
Rothschild, Henri de,%20Henri%20de.html
Rothschild, Louis,%20Louis.html
Rothschild, Maurice de,%20Maurice%20de.html
Rothschild, Robert, Baron de,%20Robert,%20Baron%20de.html
Rouff, Jules,%20Jules.html
Ruhmann, Franz,%20Franz.html
Sachs, Carl,%20Carl.html
Saulmann, Ernst u. Agathe,%20Ernst%20+%20Agathe.html
Schüller, Ludwig (Nachlass),%20Ludwig%20(Nachlass).html
Schiff-Suvero (geb. Reitzes), Emma,%20Emma.html
Schloss, Adolphe,%20Adolphe.html
Schoenberg, Gustav,%20Gustav.html
Schwabach, Paul von (Nachlass),%20Paul%20von%20(Nachlass).html
Schweinburg, Eduard,%20Eduard.html
Seligmann, Jacques,%20%20Jacques.html
Seligmann, Jean Albert,%20%20Jean%20Albert.html
Seligmann, Jean Andre,%20%20Jean%20Andre.html
Silberberg, Max,%20Max.html
Silberman, Elkan,%20Elkan.html
Simon, Hugo,%20Hugo.html
Simon, Josef (Nachlass),%20Josef%20(Nachlass).html
Singer (geb. Schlesinger), Marianne,%20Marianne.html
Sommerguth, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Sonnenfeld, Alfred,%20Alfred.html
Springer (geb. Rothschild), Valentine,%20Valentine.html
Steiner, Klara,%20Klara.html
Steiner (geb. Pulitzer), Eugenie „Jenny“,%20Eugenie%20%E2%80%9EJenny%E2%80%9C.html
Steinthal, Max,%20Max.html
Stern, Dr. Max,%20Dr.%20Max.html
Stern, Jaques,%20Jaques.html
Stiasny, Paul,%20Paul.html
Strauß, Ottmar,%20Ottmar.html
Tannenbaum, Herbert (1892-1958),%20Galerie%20(Mannheim).html
Terramare, Georg,%20Georg.html
Thorsch, Alfons,%20Alfons.html
Tietz, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Tietz, Martin und Georg,%20Martin%20und%20Georg.html
Toepfer, Dr. Ludwig,%20Dr.%20Ludwig.html
Trebitsch, Siegfried,%20Siegfried.html
Turgenjew-Bibliothek Paris
Unger, Fritz,%20Fritz.html
Wassermann, Dr. Melville,%20Dr.%20Melville.html
Wassermann, Oscar,%20Oscar.html
Weil-Picard, Arthur
Weil, Prosper-Emile,%20Prosper-Emile.html
Weinberg, Carl von,%20Carl%20von.html
Weiner, Alexander,%20Alexander.html
Weinstein, Leopold,%20Leopold.html
Weiss, Luise,%20Luise.html
Wertheim, Georg,%20Georg.html
Wertheimer, Pierre (Paul?),%20Pierre.html
Westfeld, Walter,%20Walter.html
Westheim, Paul,%20Paul.html
Wildenstein, Georges,%20Georges.html
Winter (geb. Auspitz), Josefine,%20Josefine.html
Wittgenstein, Paul,%20Paul.html
Wolff-Knize, Friedrich „Fritz“,%20Friedrich.html
Wooster, Frank,%20Frank.html
Zemlinsky, Alexander,%20Alexander.html
Zsolnay, Paul,%20Paul.html
Zuylen, Helene de,%20Helene%20de.html
Zwillenberg, Dr. Hugo,%20Dr.%20Hugo.html