Showing posts with label Kleinberger. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kleinberger. Show all posts

Dec 7, 2022

How to use information in the provenance texts of Nazi looted art that has been restituted to find other Nazi-looted artworks

This Nazi-looted painting was restituted in 2016.

Often, when a painting is restituted, it is the conclusion of a long and arduous process of archival research to establish the itinerary of the painting and the different actors involved in its looting (or sale, or transfer, or translocation). 
What happens if we take the NAMES that appear in the provenance AFTER an artwork has left the possession of the persecuted Jewish owner and plug them in to some powerful digital tools to check other provenance texts for their presence?

Could this application of digital tools provide clues that lead to other Nazi-looted artworks?

Nov 17, 2022

DATASET: E. & A. Silberman Galleries and American museums

E. & A. Silberman Galleries was an art dealership owned by Abris and Elkin Silberman.  This dataset includes artworks in American museums that mention Silberman in the ownership history.


See details below:

Dec 31, 2018

Networks of Bruno Lohse

ALIU rendered as networks: Lohse and Loebl Red Flag Names

Is there an easy way to view looted art networks? Above is what the Red Flag Names that mention Dr. Bruno Lohse and/or Allen (Ali) Loebl look like.

One sees that several people - Manon Loebl, Dr. Hans Wendland, F Mestalet, Pierry Landry and Victor Mandl have direct links to both Dr Bruno Lohse and to Allen (Ali) Loebl.

This chart indicates merely that the Art Looting Investigation Unit described some kind of relationship. It does not tell us the nature of the relationship (although this information is in the original ALIU Red List data.) The ALIU Red Flag Name list says that Manon Loebl and Allen Loebl are brothers, but the viewer cannot see this on the chart.

Below is the network of direct connections between Red Flag Names and Walter Andreas Hofer.

What happens if we combine them?

Nov 18, 2018

Allen Loebl

"LOEBL was LOHSE's adviser and intermediary in a substantial number of transactions, and "spotted" pictures for him"

Who Was Allen Loebl? (Also: Ali Loebl) What was his role at Galerie Kleinberger in Paris? What was his relationship with Harry G. Sperling at F. Kleinberger & Co. in New York? What were his relations with the Nazi and SS ERR art looter Bruno Lohse? Why did he appear so many times on the Art Looting Investigation Unit Red Flag list?

Jun 5, 2018

Networks of Yves Perdoux

What is known about Yves Perdoux? Quite a lot actually. 

The OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit mentioned the name "Perdoux" seven times in its 1946 Red Flag List. The investigators refered to the "Wendland, Lohse, Perdoux art dealing syndicate" and the "informal dealers’ syndicate composed of Wendland, Perdoux, Boitel, Dequoy"...
Hector Feliciano mentioned him in The Lost Museum in 1995.
More recently,  Kenneth D. Alford's Hermann Goring and the Nazi Art Collection: The Looting of Europe's Art Treasures and Their Dispersal After World War I (ISBN-13: 978-0786468157) refers to Perdoux quite a few times as well. (It's easy to find all the mentions with the searchable Kindle version).

Perdoux in a provenance is a signal that more research is needed.

His name is linked to Hermann Goering, Hans Wendland, Walter Andreas Hofer, Zacharie Birtschansky and Victor Mandl and more, as one can see below in these excerpts.

paintings at France MNR with Yves Perdoux in the provenance

Perdoux in the 1946 OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit Red Flag Names list:

  • Perdoux, Yves. Paris, 178 rue du Fbg St Honore/6 rue de Teheran/6 blvd Flandrin. Operated the Galerie Guynot. One of the most active collaborationist dealers. Close associate of Wendland, Boitel and Loebl. Ardent Nazi, constantly in touch with Dietrich and other German buyers. Interrogated in 1945 by the Police Judiciaire. Reported ill and near death in January 1946.

  • Boitel, Achilles (deceased). Paris, 6 rue de Teheran/11 bis rue Ampere. Wealthy French industrialist and speculator, who acted as Wendland’s French agent after the Swiss made it impossible for him to leave that country. Chief financial figure in the Wendland, Lohse, Perdoux art dealing syndicate. Worked with Lohse and Hofer, and was a good friend of von Behr. Connected with Hofer in exchanges of Swiss and French francs. Open collaborator who was often in Germany before the war and spoke fluent German. Assassinated by the French Resistance.

  • Thierry. Villefranche sur Mer, Villa ‘Le Miradou ‘, ave Gauvin Paris, 75 rue d’Auteuil. Collaborationist dealer, active in Paris and Nice. Worked with Brueschwiller, Ward Holzapfel and Mme Soyer, his mistress. Sold to Rochlitz, Perdoux, Aguilar, Moebius, and others.

  • Garin, Ernest. Paris, 9 rue de l’Echelle. Formal proprietor of the Galerie E Garin, aryanised in this name by Ali Loebl. The Garin firm actually succeeded Kleinberger’s and under Loebl becamse centre of the informal dealers’ syndicate composed of Wendland, Perdoux, Boitel, Dequoy, etc. Garin personally played a relatively minor part in the business of the firm during the occupation. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

  • Guynot, Henri. Neuilly Paris, 178 rue du Fbg St Honore. Gallery directed by Perdoux. Dealt with Hofer and Lohse. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

  • Loebl, Ali (Allen). Paris, rue des Pyramides/9 rue de l’Echelle/34 quai de Passy. Dealer, of Austro-Hungarian Jewish descent. Director and leading spirit of the firm Kleinberger & Co, ‘aryanised ‘ under the name of E Garin during the war. Centre of the informal art dealing syndicate comprising Wendland, Perdoux, Mandl, Boitel, Dequoy, Engel. Sold chiefly to Lohse, Hofer and Haberstock, for whom he travelled as agent in unoccupied France. Contact of Mohnen, Landry, Mestrallet. Indicted by the French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

  • Mandl, Victor. Paris, 9 rue du Boetie. German refugee dealer, formerly active in Berlin. Highly important figure in German art purchases in Paris. Close contact of Wendland, Dietrich, Voss, Goepel, Muehlmann, Lohse, Loebl, Perdoux, Birtschansky and Wuester. Indicted by French Government for collaborationist activity.

Yves Perdoux is also included in the list of Art dealers involved in wartime trading in looted art in France

Yves Perdoux in the News


Au printemps 1940, au moment de fuir par l'Espagne il avait remisé cent-soixante tableaux en Gironde, dans sa villa de Floirac et dans les coffres de la Banque nationale du commerce à Libourne. Parmi elles, les Nymphéas mais aussi des chefs-d'oeuvre aussi importants que l'Homme à l'oreille cassée de Van Gogh. Informés sur dénonciation de deux antiquaires, le comte de Lestang et Yves Perdoux, les nazis investissent la villa le 15 septembre 1940. Les délateurs recevront trois Pïssaro pour leur peine.

Le Figaro La famille Bromberg retrouve son tableau, volé pendant la guerre - Par   Journaliste Figaro Claire Bommelaer

16 June 2018
"Le premier jour de printemps à Moret", by Alfred Sisley--Part Two
by Marc Masurovsky
Thirty years elapsed before Mr. Perdoux allegedly acquired the Sisley painting. There is nothing to indicate that he bought it from Durand-Ruel. This could be the same Perdoux as Yves Perdoux, a notorious Parisian art dealer who collaborated with the Nazis during the German occupation of France and denounced the locations of a number of Jewish-owned art collections, including that of Paul Rosenber

Yves Perdoux in German Lost Art Foundation: Beteiligte Privatpersonen und Körperschaften am NS-Kulturgutraub, Lost Art-Da­ten­bank, Mo­dul "Pro­ven­ienz­re­cher­che",  NS-Raub­kunst

Paris; 178 rue du Fbg Saint-Honoré, 66 rue de Teheran, 6 bd Flandrin; Leiter der Galerie Guynot, einer der aktivsten Kollaborateure, enger Kontakt zu Hans Wendland, Boitel, Loebel und Kontaktperson von Almas-Dietrich in Paris

Qu.: ALIU, Final Report, 118

Yves Perdoux in Site Rose-Valland Musées Nationaux Récupération

Portrait d'homme Collection du consul Edouard F. Weber, Hambourg, 1909 ; vente Weber, Berlin, 10-22 février 1912, n° 99. Collection M. Bromberg, Hambourg. Collection Victor Mandl, Wiesbaden. Collection G. Wildenstein, Paris, 1939 (selon annotations relevées dans les dossiers du RKD). 
Le panneau est acheté 18 750 RM à Yves Perdoux, Paris, par la galerie Almas Dietrich le 22 février 1941 (provision Jurschewitz 600 RM) et revendu 35 000 RM en mars 1941 au musée de Linz (1) ; il est enregistré le 15 juillet 1945 au Central Collecting Point de Munich sous le n° 4416 et renvoyé en France le 3 juin 1949 (2).
Il est attribué au musée du Louvre (département des peintures) par l'Office des Biens et Intérêts Privés en 1950 (3).
Puis il est déposé au musée des Beaux-Arts de Chambéry en 1960 (D 63-1) (4).
Le panneau a été restitué aux ayants-droit d’Hertha et Henry Bromberg le 28 novembre 2016.

Perdoux in  Hermann Goring and the Nazi Art Collection: The Looting of Europe's Art Treasures and Their Dispersal After World War II

[Göring]..." was represented in Paris by Hofer, Bornheim, Lohse, Angerer and Dr. Joseph Muehlmann, who made regular trips to Paris and stayed as long as two or three months at a time. Göring’s purchasing activity was enormous, as validated by the Carinhall shipping tickets in the files of Schenker Transportation Company. Wendland was most active in Paris, capitalizing upon his German citizenship in a land occupied by Germans and upon his wide prewar acquaintance with those in the Paris art market, Wendland became a kind of advisor and guide to many of the French dealers anxious to do business with Germans. He gradually formed an informal syndicate of the French dealers Boitel, Perdoux, and Loebl. He was connected with the Dequoy-Fabinai combination, and he is known to have had interests in the Mandl-Birtschanksy art association."

"Added to the established dealers came a flock of intermediaries and middlemen to guide the Germans. They all worked together and the same pieces of art turned up at different places at different times with a higher price. The most important of these groups was headed by Hans Wendland and Paris art dealer Yves Perdoux. They all had connections to Hermann Göring, through Wendland and Hofer, as Wendland represented Göring in the Greater Reich and Perdoux with his contacts throughout France. Hermann Goring and the Nazi Art Collection: The Looting of Europe's Art Treasures and Their Dispersal After World War II

(there's more, Kindle version recommended for easy search facilities)

Library References and Authority Files for Yves Perdoux

There is no ULAN ID for Yves Perdoux, however other authority files exist for him:


Epithet: antique dealer, of Paris

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000149.0x000094


Ark ID:w6vz0cb8

SNAC ID: 46357420

Yves Perdoux in Ownership History of Paintings or Provenance


Boston Museum of Fine Art

... March 17, 1923, Bamberger sale, Hotel Drouot, Paris, lot 49, to Trotti et Cie., Paris. 1924, Yves Perdoux, Paris [see note 4]. 1926, Goudstikker, Amsterdam (stock no. 1667) [see note 5]. 1927, Howard Young Galleries, New York (stock no. 2573); 1927, sold by Howard Young Galleries to John Taylor Spaulding (b. 1870 - d. 1948), Boston; 1948, bequest of John Taylor Spaulding to the MFA. (Accession Date: June 3, 1948)

(Also in Getty Provenance Index Public Collections:
Provenance of Paintings Record 10611
Portrait of a Man
Boston, MA, Museum of Fine Arts

Perdoux, Yves (?). Paris, France)

Detroit Institute of Arts

Still Life with Dead Hare, ca. 1760

Mme. Becq de Fouquières (Paris, France);
May 8, 1925, (Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France) lot 17 [pendant was no. 18, purchased by Yves Perdoux];
M. Sherematieff (Paris, France);
Dr. Wendland (Basel, Switzerland);
purchased by (Kleinberger Galleries, New York, New York, USA);
November 1926, purchase by the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)

(update ongoing..)

May 11, 2018

Red Flags in #Arthistory: Kleinberger

A search on Kleinberger in the German Historical Museum Linz Database returns five paintings

The name "Kleinberger" appears fourteen times in the French MNR database, five times in the German Historical Museum Linz Database and three times in the Art Looting Investigation Red Flag List of Names, along with "Loebl" (14 times) and "Garin" (6 times)