Showing posts with label crime networks. Show all posts
Showing posts with label crime networks. Show all posts

Jun 22, 2021

Bruno Lohse Nazi Art Looter Transcription of ALIU Detailed Interrogation Report NARA RG239 DIR 6


The text below is a transcription of a document in the National Archives concerning Nazi art looting that was declassified in 1975. It concerns the notorious Nazi art looter, Bruno Lohse. This Detailed Interrogation Report was written by Monuments Man and OSS Art Looting Investigation Unit member James S. Plaut in 1945. It detailed the interrogation of Nazi art looter Bruno Lohse conducted from June 15, 1945 to August 15, 1945.


NARA : copy of transcription D. I. R. # 6 - Bruno Lohse, 1945-1946 



A photocopy of the Detailed Interrogation Report Number 6 can be downloaded here: Download PDF


The text, transcribed in a digital searchable text, is below

Jun 19, 2021

The Munich Connection


 Research Question: How did Nazi plunder get from a cabal of looted art dealers in Munich to the art museums of the United States of America?

Which names have replaced theirs in the provenance texts?

Feb 2, 2021

Lies Provenance Researchers Told


This post aims to collect, little by little, published provenances that have been proven to be false, and, where possible, to specify their authors and publishers.

Why try to identify lies in provenances?

Lying about the fate of artworks owned by Jewish collectors who were persecuted by the Nazis inserts false information into the historical record of the Holocaust. 

For a provenance researcher to do this deliberately is, in my opinion, a grave act of immorality which facilitates Holocaust denial. 

For a provenance researcher to do this "accidentally" is evidence of incompetence, which should be sanctioned and not rewarded by employers and funders.

Readers are invited to add examples of published false provenances in the comments.


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False Provenances Concerning Ownership during the Nazi Era by Artist (to Research and Confirm)


Gustav Klimt



Edgar Degas



Marc Chagall


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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

- Provenance errors by Nazi art collector Kurt Feldhäusser and the Museum of Modern Art in New York ("location mixup")

(why did MoMA’s version carry yet another title, “Sand Hills in Engadine”?...MoMA realized Mr. Feldhäusser had mistaken the hills for ones on an island near Denmark while the museum had mistaken them for hills in Switzerland. -WSJ)

for more examples of Jewish owned art passing under the Nazis through Ferdinand Möller Galerie, Berlin ==> Kurt Feldhäuser, Berlin ==> museums see Fischer, Max lostart.de

urls


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Paul Gauguin

Faaturuma (Melancholic)



"The Wildenstein catalogue raisonné of 1964 tentatively suggests that a certain “Dr. Hahnloser, Zurich” owned Faaturuma between Vollard and Wolfensberger. The best-known collectors fitting this description are Arthur Hahnloser (1870-1936) and his brother Emil Hahnloser (1874-1940). However, neither began collecting works by Gauguin until after World War I. As Lukas Gloor notes, “an acquisition by Arthur Hahnloser of Faaturumain 1912 would…have been totally out of sync with Arthur’s collecting behaviour at that time” and “an acquisition by Emil Hahnloser of Faaturuma in 1912 would have been a totally isolated affair”; see e-mail from Lukas Gloor, Director, Sammlung E. G. Bührle, to Brigid Boyle, July 23, 2015, NAMA curatorial files. 

[5] The Wildenstein catalogue raisonné of 1964 claims that Justin K. Thannhauser owned Faaturuma between Wolfensberger and Stransky, but there is no documentary evidence to support this." - (source: Nelson-Atkins museum online provenance text (December 2017))


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George Grosz


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"Le Repos Dans Le Jardin Argenteuil" (Monet’s Garden at Argenteuil)

Claude Monet



Amedeo Modigliani

Pablo Picasso

Thomas Couture

Édouard Vuillard

François Boucher

El Greco

Egon Schiele

André Derain



Paul Klee



Jan van Goyen 



Cranach

Renoir

Sisley

Camille Pissarro

Georges Braque

Wassily Kandinsky

Henri Matisse

Gustave Courbet

Gerard T. Borch

Albert Gleizes

Frans Hals

Macchiaioli

Corneille de Lyon

Lucien Adrion

Bernardo Bellotto

Carl Blechen

Van Gogh

Lovis Corinth

Carl Spitzweg

Mondrian

Giambattista Tiepolo

Cornelis Troost

Jean-Louis Forain

Constantin Guys

Adolph von Menzel

Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

Émile Vernet-Lecomte

(update ongoing...)


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images


Gustav Klimt Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I (also called The Lady in Gold or The Woman in Gold) by  (Former owner, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Adele_Bloch-Bauer_I

*

El Greco “Portrait of a Gentleman”  Seized by Nazis Returns to Owner’s Family in Artsbeat NYT. (Former owner, Julius Priester)

https://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/03/24/an-el-greco-seized-by-nazis-returns-to-owners-family/

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Edgar Degas “Landscape with Smokestacks” (1890) Landscape with Smokestacks – Friedrich Gutmann Heirs and Daniel Searle

https://plone.unige.ch/art-adr/cases-affaires/landscape-with-smokestacks-2013-friedrich-gutmann-heirs-and-daniel-searle#!prettyPhoto[pp_gal]/0/

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Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1917-18 painting ‘Sand Hills in Engadine aka ‘Sand Hills (By Grünau)’ Museum of Modern Art Returns Painting to Heirs of Man Who Fled Nazis, WSJ (Former owner, Max Fischer

https://archive.is/zuHqA

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Claude Monet "Monet’s Garden at Argenteuil" (Le Repos Dans Le Jardin Argenteuil) , Settlement Reached on Monet’s Garden at Argenteuil (Former owner, Maria Newman, widow of Henry P. Newman)

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Paul Klee “Swamp Legend,” from 1919 After 26 Years, Munich Settles Case Over a Klee Looted by the Nazis in NYT (Former owner, Ms. Lissitzky-Küppers)

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/26/arts/design/after-26-years-munich-settles-case-over-a-klee-looted-by-nazis.html

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Jan van Goyen (1595 – 1656), River Landscape with a SwineherdA Goudstikker van Goyen in Gdańsk: A Case Study of Nazi-Looted Art in Poland (Former owner, Jacques Goustikker)

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-cultural-property/article/goudstikker-van-goyen-in-gdansk-a-case-study-of-nazilooted-art-in-poland/475F94269B2C9EC44ECD58FE08608D5B/share/2e8a428ee0482f496f214c8c3fe826f32c26bb62#

*


See also:

By DOREEN CARVAJAL and ALISON SMALE, JULY 15, 2016, NYT



May 9, 2020

The Holocaust and the Art Market: Alfred Daber

What does it mean to find the name of Alfred Daber or of Galerie Daber in a provenance?
https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1980.265


DABER is a name that can be found in the provenances of numerous artworks. However Alfred Daber, an ALIU Red Flag Name, was known to have trafficked in looted art during the Nazi era. 

In this post, we gather information publicly available online in digital form about Alfred Daber. 1) Where - in which museums - does the name Daber appear in provenances? 2) What other names appear together with Daber? 3) What mentions of Daber can be found in databases such as France's Rose Valland MNR and the Getty Provenance Index and its Knoedler file? 4) What Fold3 archival documents mention Daber? and 5) What books or catalogs did Daber author or edit?

In short, what kind of picture emerges of the fates of artworks that, at one time or another, passed through Alfred Daber's hands?

Obviously, the presence of Daber's name in a provenance does not mean that the artwork was ill-gotten. However it is a Red Flag that should not be ignored. Further research is clearly required to account for 1933-1945 provenance gaps and to verify, down to the original sources, the narratives that are provided.


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https://www.fold3.com/image/270257378

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1) Museums holding artworks that mention the name Daber in the provenance (not exhaustive):


  • National Gallery of Art in Washington DC (four artworks source: Spoliation Reports))
  • Bristol Museums & Art Gallery (five artworks source: Spoliation Reports))
  • Glasgow Museums (source: Spoliation Reports)
  • National Galleries of Scotland (source: Spoliation Reports)
  • National Gallery in London (five artworks source: Spoliation Reports)
  • Cleveland Museum of Art (source: CMA)
  • Milwaukee Art Museum (source: Knoedler)
  • Norton Simon Museum (source: Knoedler)
  • Art Institute of Chicago (source: AIC)
  • Yale University Art Gallery (source: Yale website)
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art (source:metmuseum.org)

https://artgallery.yale.edu/collections/objects/25543


2) Associated Names

Names that appear in provenances together with Daber (not exhaustive)


  • César de Haucke*
  • Raphael Gérard*
  • George Petit*
  • Jacques Dubourg*
  • E.V. Thaw
  • Stephen Hahn
  • Fritz Nathan*
  • Sam Salz
  • Arthur Tooth and Sons
  • Knoedler*
  • Michel Fert
  • Ludwig Gutbier
  • G. Tanner*
  • Georges Renand*
  • Daber Gallery
  • Blondeau Gallery

* Art Looting Investigation Unit Red Flag Name

3) Daber in France MNR

Looted paintings in France's MNR that mention Daber


"Le tableau est acheté 11 250 RM chez Daber, Paris, en 1941 par M. Gutbier"

"Acheté 20 000 RM chez Daber, Paris, en 1941 par Ludwig Gutbier"

"Émile Staub, à Männedorf, en Suisse (où il est encore en 1931) ; on le voit ensuite chez G. Bernheim, Paris (1932) ; chez Carlo Frua de Angeli, à Milan ; chez G. Tanner, à Zurich ; il est exposé en 1937 dans la galerie Alfred Daber, Paris ; enfin il est acheté peu avant la guerre par Georges Renand (cat. Exposition d'Amsterdam en 1938). Le tableau est acheté à Georges Renand à Paris 50 000 RM par M. Wüster (1) pour Joachim von Ribbentrop en 1941"



The Getty Selected Dealer Archives & Locations lists Daber with Blondeau Gallery.

The Getty Provenance Index lists 32 artworks with Daber as the seller, the earliest transaction dates to 1954.



BONINGTON, RICHARD PARKES
BONNARD, PIERRE
BOUDIN, EUGÈNE LOUIS
BRIANCHON, MAURICE
CARRIÈRE, EUGÈNE
COROT, JEAN BAPTISTE CAMILLE
COURBET, GUSTAVE
DAUMIER, HONORÉ VICTORIN
DELACROIX, EUGÈNE
FANTIN-LATOUR, HENRI
GÉRICAULT, JEAN LOUIS ANDRÉ THÉODORE
GONZALÈS, EVA
GUIGOU, PAUL CAMILLE
MONET, CLAUDE
RENOIR, PIERRE AUGUSTE


Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 69, Stock No. A7216
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 187, Stock No. A6507
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 66, Stock No. A7173
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 200, Stock No. A6709
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 219, Stock No. A9243
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 137, Stock No. A5825
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 154, Stock No. A6065
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 154, Stock No. A6066
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 183, Stock No. A6438
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 183, Stock No. A6439
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 183, Stock No. A6440
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 183, Stock No. A6441
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 206, Stock No. A9095
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 107, Stock No. A5375
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 154,
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 143, Stock No. A8314
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 171, Stock No. A8691
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 84, Stock No. A7405
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 180, Stock No. A8791
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 82, Stock No. A7384
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 148, Stock No. A8408
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 175, Stock No. A6334
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 73, Stock No. A7269
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 73, Stock No. A7270
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 73, Stock No. A7271
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 137, Stock No. A5833
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 154, Stock No. A6064
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 40, Stock No. A6064
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 174, Stock No. A8723
Knoedler Stock Book 10, Page 186, Stock No. A6492
Knoedler Stock Book 11, Page 173, Stock No. A8720
Stock No. A6063
Knoedler Stock Book 8, Page 186, Stock No. A2036

4) FOLD 3 and the archival mentions of Alfred Daber


May 2, 2011 - DABERAlfred 109) Boulevard Haussmann, Paris. Art dealer, specialises in 19th and 20th Century pictures. Had a laissez-passer from the ...
Mar 26, 2012 - DABERAlfred 109 Boulevard Haussmann, Paris. Art dealer, specialises in 19th and 20th Century pictures. Had a laissez-passer from the ...




4, I an infomed that Alfred DABER, 109, Boulevard Haussnann, Paris, was trading in looted piotures with the EINSATZSTAB ROSENBERG. He surxroned ...
Some were willing collaborators"like' Alfred Daber, Martin Fabiani, Cesar de Haucke, 0. Petrides, and Count Avogli Trotti. Others like Loebl of the Kleinberger  ...
https://www.fold3.com/document/270104113/
Feb 12, 2013 - Some were willing collaborators like Alfred Daber, Martin'Fabiani,.iCdsar de Haucke, 0. Petrides, and Count Avogli Trottii Others likV'Loebel of ...
Louis CQUPAQHIE de la CHINE et des INDES' ' HENOU ot COLLE - S DABERAlfred ,T., SCKMITT, Joan . 1 DESLOUIS .J. SCHOELLER, Andre ' " . i'.V .is.



I an infomed that Alfred DABER, 109, Boulevard Haussnann, Paris, 'was trading in looted pictures with the EMSATZSTAB ROSENBERG. He summoned TANNER ...
https://www.fold3.com/document/270101397/
Alfred DABER art dealer Bid. Houssaann (in connection with 2VMER of Zurich). Cesar do HAUCKE art dealer, ? PETPJDES art dealer, Count Avogli TROTTI art ...
... RENOU et COLLE DABERAlfred SCHMITT, Jean DESLOUIS - SCHOELLER, Andre DEQUOY, Roger SIMON Galerie DESMARETS et GODARD SOO & CIE.
2f, I am informed that Alfred DABER, .109, Boulevard Haussmann, Pari3, was trading in looted pictures with the EDTSATZSTAB ROSENBERG.. He summoned  ...



... of TODTMDOS-AU (Badon) TOm Paris Martin FABIANI art dealer, Avenue Matignon, Roger DEQUOX . art dealer Rue la Boetie, Alfred DABER . -, art dealer  ...
https://www.fold3.com/image/270037474
I an infomed that Alfred DABER, 109, Boulevard Haussnann, Paris, was trading in looted piotures with the EINSATZSTAB ROSENBERG. He suvxioned TWINER  ...
... Charles CHALEY6SIN NICOLIER, Jean COMPAGNIE de la CHINE v OSTINS, J.R. et des INDES PERDOUX, Yves DaBERAlfred PERRET-VIBERT DEQ00Y.
(Baden) Fron Paris Martin FABIANI art dealer, Avenue Matignon, Roger DEQUOI art dealer Rue la BoStie, Alfred DABER art dealer Bid, Houssannn (in ...
... COMPAGNIE de la CHINE OSTINS, J,R. et des INDES PERDOUX, Yves DABERAlfredPERREI-VIBERT DEQOOY, Roger PEIRIDES, Galerie 6., DESLOUIS ...
Roger DEQUOY art dealer Rue la Bofitio, Alfred DABER art dealer Bid, Houssmann (in connection with TANNER of Zurich), Cesar de HAUCKE art dealer.
J.R. et des INDES PERDOUX, Yves DABERAlfred PERRET-VIBERT DEQUOY, Roger PETRIDES, Galerie 0. DESLOUIS POPOFF, Alexandre DESMARETS et ...
Basic Source Documents On Emil Daber Ez Gea Branch › Page 2 ... partner is the non-aryan Mr Alfred Seligmann, residence Berlin 1 Handicraft sole enterprise, ...
J.R. et des INDES , PERDOUX, Yves DABERAlfred PERRET-VIBERT DEQUOY, Roger PET RIDES, Galerie 0. DESLOUIS POPOFF, Alexandre DESMARETS ...
Naine of Owner a Emil Daber b Max Marschenz beide Komplimenfare va- n n.no npc r l(jf'n ti imers 'AK, o Dipl. Ing. Alfred Sellgmaim d Paul Hildebrandt beiae ...
... Hans ciiamann Kapferer, Henry Creusot, Mademoiselle Katz, Manfred, alias Boyer, alias Thomas DaberAlfred Alfred Degroof j Keller Delneco, Emile Khoth,  ...


5) Art Books by Alfred Daber

The obvious question is what credibility could any provenance text written by Alfred Daber have concerning the ownership history of an artwork during the Nazi era?