Showing posts with label Nazi era provenance. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nazi era provenance. Show all posts

Apr 12, 2020

UK Spoliation Reports Collections Trust downloadable DATASET CSV

InstitutionArtworks in Spoliation Reports from UK Museums, UK Collections Trust 15 April 2020
British Museum7329
Courtauld Gallery3133
Fitzwilliam Museum2415
Victoria & Albert Museum559
Glasgow Museums344
Manchester City Galleries298
British Library239
Amgueddfa Cymru168
National Gallery165
Whitworth Art Gallery149
National Galleries of Scotland131
Southampton City Art Gallery128
Hull City Museums & Art Gallery93
York Art Gallery72
Bowes Museum62
Bristol Museums & Art Gallery55
Leicester City Museums54
National Maritime Museum47
Northampton Museums43
Birmingham Museums And Art Gallery32
Barber Institute of Fine Arts32
Hunterian Museum & Art Gallery28
Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums20
Norfolk Museums Service11
Museum of London11
Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums10
National Museums Liverpool7
National Portrait Gallery5
National Museums of Scotland2
Science Museum Group1
National Trust for Scotland1
Grand Total17679

See the Dataset of Provenances for each artwork published by Collections Trust here:

Format: CSV

DescriptionThis dataset gathers together in an easy to download CSV file provenance information and questions contained in the Spoliation Reports from UK Museums published by the Collections Trust.  It is intended to facilitate research into Holocaust-era provenance for scholars, art historians and families. 
The original and best source of information concerning provenance remains the Spoliation Reports for each museum on the Collections Trust website.

Download CSV File : 17679  provenances and questions about provenance gaps from the Spoliation Reports of UK Museums in CSV here

Version: 2

For the most recent information on the Spoliation Reports from UK Museums, please consult the website of  the Collections Trust UK Spoliation Reports for UK Museums

Apr 6, 2020

Dataset : Museum of Fine Arts Boston Enhanced Provenance Research Dataset NEPIP PUBLIC

Dataset name: Museum of Fine Arts Boston Enhanced Provenance Research Dataset NEPIP PUBLIC

Description: This enhanced Provenance dataset has been constructed from  information available on the public internet site of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The dataset merges the list of artworks on the Nazi Era Provenance Internet Portal with provenance texts published on the Boston MFA detailed item pages. 
This dataset is intended to facilitate research into Holocaust-era provenance for scholars, art historians and families. 
The original and best source of information concerning provenance remains the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston public website.

Original data sources that were merged to create new dataset:

  •  NEPIP Boston Museum of Fine Arts (MFA)

Format: Google Sheet


Download: CSV



2. About this file

3. NEPIP Artists

4. NEPIP Credit Line

5. NEPIP Provenance includes "private", "anonymous", "art market"

Publisher: OAD

Date of Publication: April 6, 2020

License: CC0

Example of content: Provenance text contains word "private", "anonymous", or "art market" 

Oct 16, 2019

American Museums with no artworks to declare on the Nazi Era Provenance Internet Portal

NEPIP: The following museums declare that they have No Relevant Objects

"List of U.S. Museums That Hold No Relevant Objects"

Academy Art Museum, Easton, MD
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Art Museum of Western Virginia, Roanoke, VA
Boca Raton Museum of Art, Inc., Boca Raton, FL
Cheekwood Museum of Art, Nashville, TN
De Saisset Museum, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA
Dubuque Museum of Art, Dubuque, IA
Ellen Noel Art Museum, Odessa, TX
Fitchburg Art Museum, Fitchburg, MA
Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Hofstra Museum, Hempstead, NY
Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN
Krasl Art Center, Saint Joseph, MI
Leepa-Rattner Museum of Art, St. Petersburg College, Tarpon Springs, FL
Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, CA
Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL
Miami University Art Museum, Oxford, OH
Michael C. Carlos Museum, Atlanta, GA
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX
Mulvane Art Museum, Washburn University, Topeka, KS
Museum of Art of Ft Lauderdale, Ft Lauderdale, FL
Museum of Fine Arts of St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, FL
National Academy Museum, New York, NY
Orland Museum of Art, Orlando, FL
Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, NY
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX
Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE
Telfair Museum of Art, Savannah, GA
University Art Museum, California State University, Long Beach, CA
Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MA

(source: NEPIP on October 16, 2019 from the American Alliance of Museums NEPIP website at url )

Dec 27, 2018

Hermann Voss

Visualising the networks of Herman Voss 
(data source: Art Looting Investigation Unit Final Report List of Red Flag Names 1946)

In the fall of 1945, the Office of Strategic Services Art Looting 
Investigation Unit interrogated Dr. Hermann Voss.

Voss had been the Director of the Dresden museum, the Director of Hitler's planned Linz museum and the head of the Linz Special Commission, which rounded up artworks for Hitler.

Hermann Voss: Art Looting Investigation Unit Detailed Interrogation Report Number 12 September 15, 1945

Despite concluding that Voss was the "official chiefly responsible for Hitler’s looting and purchasing policies after 1945" and notes that "VOSS' character is vacillating, and that he is an extraordinarily conceited and ambitious man" , the investigators seemed to hold a surprisingly tolerant view of this art professional. "His anti-Nazi options were well known," DIR No. 12 states.

"Among those who have testified to this effect, under specific interrogations, are LOHSE and BORCHERS (both of the Einsatzstab Rosenberg staff), and the dealers Wolfgang GURLITT, Hildebrandt GURLITT, and HABERSTOCK (chief dealer to POSSE and an enemy of long standing to VOSS.)

These character testimonies leave one a little breathless. 

Bruno LOHSE? Hildebrandt GURLITT? Karl HABERSTOCK? 

What does it mean to find the name H. Voss, Herman Voss, Hermann Voss, or Dr Hermann Voss in a provenance or in a bibliographical reference for an artwork?

"Concerning the Einsatzstab Rosenberg, VOSS repeatedly denied ever having heard of it before March 1943..."
 - OSS ALIU DIR 12 Hermann Voss

 Voss was arrested and interrogated by the Office of Strategic Services Art Looting Investigation Unit for his role in looting art for Hitler during the Nazi era. 

"Hermann Voss insisted that the offer came to him entirely as a surprise" 

"When he met HITLER at Rastenberg..."

Voss appears in the Art Looting Investigation Unit Red Flag List 19 times and had a Detailed Interrogation Report (DIR number 12) dedicated to him: 

(Detailed Intelligence Reports (DIR): consist of reports dealing with the activities of various agents employed by Hitler, Göring and Rosenberg to acquire artworks for them in Axis-occupied countries.)

The ALIU Final Report of 1946 summarized VOSS' activities as follows:

"Voss, Dr Hermann. Munich. Director of the Linz Special Commission, the Linz Museum, and the Dresden Gallery from May 1943. Involved in the Schloss and Mannheimer collection (forced) sales, and the official chiefly responsible for Hitler’s looting and purchasing policies after 1945. In custody US 3rd Army, Munich, September 1945."
"Purchases for Linz outside Germany were made by VOSS' specially appointed agents,...Hildebrandt GURLITT, GOEPEL, and HERBST (of the Dorotheum, Vienna) were the most important"

The ALIU Final Report of 1946 linked VOSS to the following art dealers and Nazi personal:

Posse, Prof Dr Hans (deceased). Formerly Director of the State Picture Gallery, Dresden. Was appointed by Hitler as Director of the Special Commission for Linz in 1939, and became the most important official purchaser of works of art for Germany from 1939 through 1942. Died Dresden, 7 December 1942. Succeeded by Voss.

Goepel, Dr Erhard. Leipzig, Stieghtstrasse 76. Official Linz agent and buyer in Holland under Posse and Voss. Bought extensively in Holland and also travelled frequently in Belgium and France. Negotiated the forced sale of the Schloss Collection in Paris. Chief contacts: Vitale Bloch (Holland), Wuester, Wandl and Holzapfel (Paris).

Hoogendijk. Amsterdam, Kaizersgracht 640/Roemorvischerstraat 34. Prominent dealer who sold to Miedl, Hofer, Posse, Muehlmann and Voss during the occupation. Close friend of Friedlander and Schneider. Contact of Nathan Katz. Goering frequently visited his shop.

Mandl, Victor. Paris, 9 rue du Boetie. German refugee dealer, formerly active in Berlin. Highly important figure in German art purchases in Paris. Close contact of Wendland, Dietrich, Voss, Goepel, Muehlmann, Lohse, Loebl, Perdoux, Birtschansky and Wuester. Indicted by French Government for collaborationist activity.

de Boer, Pitt. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 512. Important and active dealer. President of the Dutch Dealers Association since Goudstikker’s death. Acquired Swiss as well as Dutch nationality early in the war, and visited Switzerland during the occupation. Discovered the first in the series of false Vermeers by van Meegeren. Close contact of Hofer, Muehlmann, Posse, Voss, Lohse and Miedl.

Oertel, Dr Rudolf (deceased). Assistant in charge of paintings for the Linz Special Commission. Between the death of Posse in December 1942 and the succession of Voss in March 1943, he shared with Reimer the administration of the Commission. Called to military service in 1944 on the Russian front, and not heard of since.

Grosshennig. Chemnitz, Rossmarkt 11 Annaberg (?). Director of Galerio Gerstenberger. Active as buyer in France. Held Linz certificate signed by Voss. In touch with Postma, Fabiani, Mandl, Boehler and Plietzsch.

Gurlitt, Wolfgang. Bad Aussee, Austria. Cousin of Hildebrandt Gurlitt. Former Berlin dealer. Close contact of Voss. Not seriously implicated in looting transactinos or purchases for German officials.

Pat-Zaade, Dr Robert. Berlin/Zehlendorf. Collector-dealer, active in Paris and Berlin. Sold to Lohse and in contact with Voss.

Reimer, Dr Gottfried. Dobeln, Saxony, Grimaisschestrasse 23. Administrative assistant to the Director of the Linz Commission from June 1941 until the end of the war, first under Posse, later under Voss. Not a Party member, and involved in only one known looting operation.

Schilling, Georg. Zurich, Spuelgenstrasse 6 Cologne, Komoedienstrasse 39 Markelfingen/Bodensee. Art dealer. Chief buyer for Linz in Belgium under Voss, who gave him a Linz certificate. Also active as agent for Goering.

Waldner, Josef. Art dealer, employed occasionally as agent by Voss. Contact of Mohnen. Active in France.

Weber, Walter. Bonn. Wealthy collector and close friend of Voss. Held a Linz travel certificate. Purchased six minor pictures in Paris for Linz.

Zinckgraf. Formerly bookkeeper and manager of the Bernheimer Gallery, Munich. Later became its owner. Sold to Voss for Wiesbaden.

Schmidt, Ernst. Berlin. Friend of Voss, active in acquiring objects for Linz in Germany.

"Voss complains of the abruptness of his reception..."
OSS ALIU DIR 12: Hermann Voss
"the part played by Hermann VOSS in HITLER's scheme of things in not altogether clear."
"During a month of interrogation, he (VOSS) impressed his several questioners very unfavourable. It was their unanimous opinion that VOSS' character is vacillating, and that he is an extraordinarily conceited and ambitious man. His constant reliance on failure of memory to explain discrepancies in his testimony did not improve the atmosphere of the interrogations."


Dec 17, 2018

The Legacy of Edward Speelman

National Gallery of Art (London) List of works with incomplete provenance from 1933-1945: Flowers in a Vase

The art dealer, Edward Speelman (1910-1994) played an important role in forming many collections. 

As a British soldier in World War II, Speelman arrested the notorious Austrian Nazi Artur Seyss-Inquart who had administered occupied Holland for the Reich  and who would, for his many crimes in Austria, Poland and Holland, be sentenced to death at the Nuremberg Trials. Speelman was assigned to intelligence and worked on the postwar administration of The Netherlands before returning to civilian life.

Below are a few of the artworks that passed through Speelman's hands on their way to famous museums around the world. (Speelman part 1) 

After we have gathered about a hundred examples of provenances that mention Speelman, we'll begin to look for patterns... 

1. National Gallery of Art in London: 

List of works with incomplete provenance from 1933–1945

(Download PDF of NGA UK list)

'Flowers in a Vase' Bequeathed to NG by Edward Speelman (D) in 1994.

Switzerland, possibly shortly after Second World war; *
acquired from a Canadian family near Genoa in the 1960's or from a private collection near Zollikon, Switzerland around 1970/1972 by Kurt Meissner (D), Zurich, *
Edward Speelman (D), London; bequeathed by Mr. Speelman to NG, 1994
Questions 1933-1945
Whereabouts and provenance until post WWII?
Source for information about Switzerland?
Provenance between post 1945 and 1960's?
Flowers in a Glass Vase Ambrosius Bosschaert the Elder 1614

'The Virgin and Child in an Interior' 23 x 15cm. Bought by the NG from Edward Speelman (D), London, 1987

Melanie von Habsburg-Lothringen, Schloss Seisenegg, Austria;*
Edward Speelman (D), London;*
Questions 1933-1945
Provenance prior to von Habsburg-Lothringen
Acquisition/disposal by ditto
Provenance between von Habsburg-Lothringen/Speelman
The Virgin and Child in an Interior Workshop of Robert Campin (Jacques Daret?) before 1432

'The Preaching of St John the Baptist' Bought by NG from Edward Spelman (D), 1978

M.A. Mechen; *
Phillips, London, 14 March 1977*
Edward Speelman (D), London;
Purchased by NG, 1978
Questions 1933-1945
Provenance prior to Mechen
Details and date of acquisition by Mechen
Mechen sold through Phillips 1977?
The Preaching of Saint John the Baptist Cornelis van Haarlem 1602

2. Collectie is Speelman Ltd., Edward 

(122 artworks are listed in the Speelman Ltd collection in the Rijksmuseum - to see them you can download a PDF or use this link.  A separate post will examine in detail the provenances for all of these artworks.  NOTE: If one searches a different way, for every mention of Speelman in provenance, RKD lists 184 results.

Some examples:

Interieur met een schoolmeester die een kind leert lezen, met een spinnende vrouw op de achtergrond

Interior with a schoolteacher learning a child to read, with a woman spinning in the background

  • art dealer Edward Speelman Ltd., London 
    - 1959 
  • art dealer Richard Green, London 
    getoond op TEFAF, Maastricht, 2007-03, 2008-03 en 2009-03
    2007 - 2009 gesignaleerd
  • art dealer Johnny Van Haeften (London), London , inv./ nr. 6 (cat. EIGHTEEN)
    getoond op TEFAF, Maastricht, maart 2012, 2013 en 2014
    2012 - 2014 gesignaleerd

Stilleven van vijf schelpen op een stenen tafelblad

Still life with two peaches

  • Private collection 
    Verenigd Koninkrijk
    - 1930-02-14 geveild
  • art dealer Jacques Goudstikker, Amsterdam 
    1933 - tentoongesteld
  • art dealer Edward Speelman Ltd., London 
    1984 - gesignaleerd
  • art dealer David Koetser, Zurich/New York 
    2008 - gesignaleerd
  • Private collection 
    2008 -

Jacob Hoefnagel Vase with flowers, surrounded by fruit and insects

  • art dealer Edward Speelman Ltd., London 
    - 1959 verkocht
  • art dealer or private collection Piet de Boer, Amsterdam 
    1959 - 1964 

  • Stichting P. en N. de Boer, Amsterdam , inv./ 660
    1964 -

    Space does not permit to display all 122 artworks which mention Speelman. For more, consult the website of the Rikjsmuseum